Society of Antiquaries of London Catalogue of Drawings and Museum Objects

Society of Antiquaries of London, 2005

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https://doi.org/10.5284/1000409
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Society of Antiquaries of London (2005) Society of Antiquaries of London Catalogue of Drawings and Museum Objects [data-set]. York: Archaeology Data Service [distributor] https://doi.org/10.5284/1000409

Gallery - detail

LDSAL 131

Zech's clock

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Thumbnail of LDSAL 131
LDSAL 131
At the centre of the clock face forming the pivot of the hand are engraved the arms of Poland impaling Visconti under a crown. Around the body of the clock, three sets of arms are engraved in circles: those of Poland (a snake devouring a person) under a crown, Lithuania (a knight on horseback), and Visconti (a spread eagle) also under a crown. All are flanked by foliage decoration. On the underside are stamped four representations of the arms of Bona Sforza (Sfortia), daughter of Giov. Galeazzo Duke of Milan, great-granddaughter of Philip Visconti, the last Duke of his race.
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  Thumbnail of LDSAL 131
LDSAL 131
At the centre of the clock face forming the pivot of the hand are engraved the arms of Poland impaling Visconti under a crown. Around the body of the clock, three sets of arms are engraved in circles: those of Poland (a snake devouring a person) under a crown, Lithuania (a knight on horseback), and Visconti (a spread eagle) also under a crown. All are flanked by foliage decoration. On the underside are stamped four representations of the arms of Bona Sforza (Sfortia), daughter of Giov. Galeazzo Duke of Milan, great-granddaughter of Philip Visconti, the last Duke of his race.
[DOWNLOAD] right-click and save link
  Thumbnail of LDSAL 131
LDSAL 131
At the centre of the clock face forming the pivot of the hand are engraved the arms of Poland impaling Visconti under a crown. Around the body of the clock, three sets of arms are engraved in circles: those of Poland (a snake devouring a person) under a crown, Lithuania (a knight on horseback), and Visconti (a spread eagle) also under a crown. All are flanked by foliage decoration. On the underside are stamped four representations of the arms of Bona Sforza (Sfortia), daughter of Giov. Galeazzo Duke of Milan, great-granddaughter of Philip Visconti, the last Duke of his race.
[DOWNLOAD] right-click and save link
  Thumbnail of LDSAL 131
LDSAL 131
At the centre of the clock face forming the pivot of the hand are engraved the arms of Poland impaling Visconti under a crown. Around the body of the clock, three sets of arms are engraved in circles: those of Poland (a snake devouring a person) under a crown, Lithuania (a knight on horseback), and Visconti (a spread eagle) also under a crown. All are flanked by foliage decoration. On the underside are stamped four representations of the arms of Bona Sforza (Sfortia), daughter of Giov. Galeazzo Duke of Milan, great-granddaughter of Philip Visconti, the last Duke of his race.
[DOWNLOAD] right-click and save link
  Thumbnail of LDSAL 131
LDSAL 131
At the centre of the clock face forming the pivot of the hand are engraved the arms of Poland impaling Visconti under a crown. Around the body of the clock, three sets of arms are engraved in circles: those of Poland (a snake devouring a person) under a crown, Lithuania (a knight on horseback), and Visconti (a spread eagle) also under a crown. All are flanked by foliage decoration. On the underside are stamped four representations of the arms of Bona Sforza (Sfortia), daughter of Giov. Galeazzo Duke of Milan, great-granddaughter of Philip Visconti, the last Duke of his race.
[DOWNLOAD] right-click and save link
 
Object number LDSAL 131
Iconographic description At the centre of the clock face forming the pivot of the hand are engraved the arms of Poland impaling Visconti under a crown. Around the body of the clock, three sets of arms are engraved in circles: those of Poland (a snake devouring a person) under a crown, Lithuania (a knight on horseback), and Visconti (a spread eagle) also under a crown. All are flanked by foliage decoration. On the underside are stamped four representations of the arms of Bona Sforza (Sfortia), daughter of Giov. Galeazzo Duke of Milan, great-granddaughter of Philip Visconti, the last Duke of his race.
Description An astronomical clock of gilt brass in the form of a circular flat box. The upper face is the dial graduated in twenty-four divisions, in the centre of which appear the arms of Poland and Visconti. The body of the clock is covered with engraved decoration. The last image shows the spirial working section, which is the oldest know type of this design in Britain.
Comments The clock probably belonged to the King of Poland, Sigismund I, who married Bona Sforza in 1518. The clock may well have been made for her. The Hon. Daines Barrington commented in his observations on clocks, written in 1788, that: "Mr Peckitt, an ingenious apothecary, of Compton Street, Soho, hath shewn me an astronomical clock which belonged to the late Mr Ferguson, and which still continues to go. The workmanship on the outside is elegant, and it appears to have been made by a German in 1525". Henry Peckitt considered it to be the oldest clock in England. The Society of Antiquaries possesses a wooden stand for this clock.
Creator Zech, Jacob
Creator role Manufacturer
Creation date 16th century
Material Brass
Measurements Diameter (mm) : 247
Height (mm) : 127
Inscription Type: Miscellaneous
Script: Engraved
Location: Top
Text: A+BONVM T+MALVM G+MALVM C+MEDIVM L+MALVM V+MEDIVM L+BONVM S+MEDIVM S+BONVM C+MALVM A+BONVM P+MEDIVM
Note: The inscription is engraved in a circle around the clock face below the engraved symbols of the zodiac.
Inscription Type: Miscellaneous
Script: Engraved
Location: Top
Text: C A P T A T G
Note: Inscription forms part of a circle inside, and concentric, to the outer edge of the clock face.
Inscription Type: Numbering
Script: Engraved
Location: Top
Language: Latin
Text: I II III IIII V VI VII VIII IX X XI XII I II III IIII V VI VII VIII IX X XI XII
Note: Roman numerals engraved in a circle around the outer edge of the clock face.
Inscription Type: Information/Description
Script: Engraved
Text: DAMAN. ZALT. 1.5.2.5. IAR. DA. MACHT. MICH. IACOB. ZECH. ZV. PRAG. IST. BAR.
Note: The inscription is engraved on the barrel inside the clock.
Inscription Type: Numbering
Script: Engraved
Location: Top
Language: Arabic
Text: 5 10 15 20 25 30 5 10 15 20 25 30 5 10 15 20 25 30 5 10 15 20 25 30 5 10 15 20 25 30 5 10 15 20 25 30 5 10 15 20 25 30 5 10 15 20 25 30 5 10 15 20 25 30 5 10 15 20 25 30
Note: Arabic numerals engraved in an incomplete circle inside, and concentric to, the outer edge of the clock face.
Inscription Type: Numbering
Location: Top
Language: Arabic
Text: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24
Note: Arabic numerals engraved in a circle inside and concentric to the outer edge of the clock face.
Inscription Type: Miscellaneous
Script: Engraved
Location: Top
Note: Inscription consists of six characters which form part of a circle inside, and concentric to, the outer edge of the clock face. Possibly in Greek script.
Association Associated person: Peckitt, Henry
Association type: Bequest
Date: 1808
19th century
Note: Bequeathed to the Society of Antiquaries, and came into their possession on 19th May 1808.
Association Associated person: Ferguson, James
Association type: Previous Owner
Note: Henry Peckitt purchased the clock at the sale of the effects of James Ferguson, the mathematician.
Association Association type: Previous Owner
Association Associated person: Sigismund I
Association type: Previous Owner
Bibliography Daines Barrington. 1779. Observations on the earliest Introduction of Clocks. Archaeologia, vol. v, 424. H Otto, 'The Famous Fusee Clock of Jacob Zech', Horological Journal (1931): 176-8. Smyth, W. H. 1849. Description of an astrological clock, belonging to the Society of Antiquaries of London. Archaeologia, Vol. 33. 8-35. Society of Antiquaries, Minutes, vol. xxxi, 513.
Related object (SAL) Utensils and Furniture 50 16th-century clock face engraved with the zodiac : Similar/Related Subject
Subject Astronomical Instruments
Brass
Clocks
Eagles
Escutcheons (Coats of Arms)
Heraldic Motifs
Horse Trappings
Knights
Shields (Motifs)
Snakes
Timepieces
Zodiac Symbols
People/Corporate Bodies Daines Barrington
Ferguson, James
Galeazzo, Giovanni
Peckitt, Henry
Sforza, Bona
Sigismund I
Visconti, Philip
Zech, Jacob
Place Bohemia
Czech Republic
Europe
Lithuania
Poland
Prague
Stredocesk√Ĺ
Date 1525
16th century
Collection Museum Collection
Category Heraldry
Metalwork
Museum Object