Data copyright © Egypt Exploration Society, Amarna Trust unless otherwise stated
McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research
Digital Object Identifiers (DOIs) are persistent identifiers which can be used to consistently and accurately reference digital objects and/or content. The DOIs provide a way for the ADS resources to be cited in a similar fashion to traditional scholarly materials. More information on DOIs at the ADS can be found on our help page.
DOIs should be the last element in a citation irrespective of the format used. The DOI citation should begin with "doi:" in lowercase followed by the DOI with no spaces between the ":" and the DOI.
DOIs can also be cited as a persistent link from another Web page. This is done by appending the DOI Resolver with the DOI. This would look like:
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Barry Kemp (2011) The Virtual Amarna Project [data-set]. York: Archaeology Data Service [distributor] (doi:10.5284/1011330)
The pieces in the Virtual Amarna Museum come from the site of Tell el-Amarna in Egypt, the city built around 1350 BC by Pharaoh Akhenaten, as a place where he could centre his austere view of the cult of the sun, the Aten. The pieces illustrate not Akhenaten's own concerns, but the spiritual interests of the many thousands of people who came to live in the city. Although we can count Akhenaten as a monotheist, he seems not to have attempted an intolerant suppression of the beliefs and practices of most of his people. They continued to follow what was familiar to them, though we should not count this necessarily as a rejection of Akhenaten's ideas. Imposed conformity of belief belongs to much later periods of history, in Egypt and elsewhere.
During the spring of 2008 and 2009, staff from the University of Arkansas, Center for Advanced Spatial Technologies (Katie Simon and Christopher Goodmaster) joined the British archaeological mission to Tell el-Amarna (directed by Barry Kemp), bringing with them a 3D laser scanner. A series of objects housed in the site antiquities magazine (that is maintained under the supervision of the Supreme Council of Antiquities of Egypt) was selected for scanning, as an experiment in this form of recording. The selection was done by archaeologist Anna Stevens and was intended to illustrate the theme of personal religion at Amarna. It reflected a piece of research, 'Investing in religion in Akhenaten's Amarna', that had been funded by the Templeton Foundation through the University of Cambridge and had been conducted by Barry Kemp and Anna Stevens between 2006 and 2008.
The small selection cannot illustrate the theme fully. It was made essentially to enable an experiment in recording method to take place.
More information on Amarna can be found at http://www.amarnaproject.com
This digital archive was undertaken in conjunction with an electronic publication through the Linking Electronic Archives and Publications II (LEAP II) project, funded by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation. The corresponding article is 'Developing a 3-D Digital Heritage Ecosystem: from object to representation and the role of a virtual museum in the 21st century' (2011) by Fred Limp, Angie Payne, Katie Simon, Snow Winters and Jack Cothren, which can be found in Internet Archaeology 30.