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Distinctive FeaturesKeay (1984) subdivides this type into variants A-V, with at least twenty rim types and fifteen foot types. Three of these are particularly common (A-D-E).
The most common, Variant A, consists of a ribbed cylindrical body with a rounded base and distinctive foot. The shoulders are sharply curved and the neck is wide, squat and gently conical. The rim consists of two well-defined and everted sections. The uppermost is well pronounced with a vertical face and an undercut at its junction with the lower face. The face of the lower section is gently convex. The handles are ear-shaped in profile and elliptical in section (for a complete example from Filicudi Porto see Albore Livadie, 1984). It it possible to distinguish between the products of Zeugitana by their heavy and quite rectilinear profile and those of Byzacena which have a more rounded profile (Bonifay, 2004).
Variant D is characterised by a clearly marked groove or ledge running around the inside of the rim.
Variant E (late) is characterised by a massive upper rim section with a wide diameter. In addition, the junction between upper and lower sections is marked by an exaggerated undercut.
Date RangeLate fifth to middle sixth centuries AD (Variant A); end of the sixth to the beginning of the seventh centuries AD (Variant E).
Search: [5th century AD] [6th century AD] [7th century AD]
OriginProduction is attested to both in the region of Byzacena, near Sullecthum (workshop of Ksour Essaf - Henchir Ech-Chekaf) (Peacock et alii, 1989) and in the Zeugitana region near Nabeul (workshop of Sidi Zahruni (Ghalia et alii, 2005).
Search: [North Africa] [Tunisia]
DistributionVery wide distribution in the western Mediterranean (Spain, south of France and Italy) and also found in the eastern Mediterranean. Numerous examples are found in Spain (Keay, 1984; Reynolds,1995; Remolà, 2000), the south of France (see the cargo of the La Palud wreck, Long & Volpe, 1998 and Marseille, Bonifay & Piéri, 1995), Italy (Saguì, 1998), the eastern Mediterranean (examples from Chersonese; Sazanov, 1991), Romania (Tomis; Opaiţ, 1997-98), Constantinople (Turnovsky, 1992), Chios (Boardman, 1989) and Samos (Hautumm, 1981).
Search: [Black Sea] [Eastern Mediterranean] [France] [Greek Islands] [Italy] [North Africa] [Spain] [Tunisia] [Western Asia Minor] [Western Mediterranean]
ContentsUncertain. Perhaps fish-sauce or wine (several examples were found to be pitched at Filicudi Porto, Albore Livadie, 1984; and Carthage, Opaiţ 1998), but olive oil cannot be excluded. Capacity around 62 litres for the Filicudi Porto example.
Search: [Fish Sauce] [Olive Oil] [Wine]
CommentsPrincipal contributor: Michel Bonifay
CEIPAC linkThe following link will take you to the Centro para el Estudio de la Interdependencia Provincial en la Antiguedad Clásica CEIPAC database. In the CEIPAC system this amphora has the ID KE51+BYZ. Note: access to CEIPAC requires registration, which is possible via http://ceipac.ub.edu/corpus_reg.php?IDM=e