Roman Amphorae: a digital resource

University of Southampton, 2005 (updated 2014)

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University of Southampton (2014) Roman Amphorae: a digital resource [data-set]. York: Archaeology Data Service [distributor]

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Mau 35

Distinctive Features

This is essentially a small-scale imitation of the Italian Dressel 2-4 type. It has a plain rim in the form of a ring with an elliptical section, a cylindrical neck with a marked junction where it joins the shoulder, and a pear-shaped body that ends in a filled cylindrical spike with slight bevel. The handles consists of two parallel rods with a distinctive bifid section, which join the vessel immediately below the rim and are attached to the lower point of the shoulder.
See characteristics

Date Range

From c. AD 30 until the end of the second /early third centuries AD (Ostia, Meninx) for the Djerban products, while those from the vicinity of Tripoli cease production in the second half of the second century AD.
Search: [1st century AD] [2nd century AD] [3rd century AD]


This was produced in Tunisia and Libya. There were numerous production centres on the island of Jerba, where some fourteen kiln sites have been identified (Fentress, 2001). Another kiln site has been found near Zian on the south Tunisian coast (Bonifay, 2005), while an extensive complex of kilns was located at Gargaresh on the outskirts of Tripoli in Libya (Bakir, 1966-7; 1968; Panella, 1973). Another complex of kilns was recently discovered in the same area (Faraj Shakshukil-Shebani, 1998).
Search: [Libya] [North Africa] [Tunisia]


Aside from occurring in Tunisia and Tripolitania, the Mau 35 appears in deposits dating to between the Claudian and Antonine periods, and at Pompeii, where the type was first identified by Mau in 1909 (CIL. IV,2, Pl. III, XXXV).
Search: [Italy] [Libya] [North Africa] [North West Europe] [Tunisia] [Western Mediterranean]


The fact that this type imitates the Italian Dressel 2-4 suggests that wine was the main content. In the cemeteries of Leptis Magna, these amphorae were frequently used to hold the remains of the dead and are decorated on the outside with punic religious symbols.
Search: [Wine]


Principal contributor: Sergio Fontana