Roman Amphorae: a digital resource

University of Southampton, 2005 (updated 2014)

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Resource identifiers

Digital Object Identifiers

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University of Southampton (2014) Roman Amphorae: a digital resource [data-set]. York: Archaeology Data Service [distributor]

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Opaiţ E8

Distinctive Features

This amphora is conical, tapering regularly downwards to the base. The neck is narrow and cylindrical, topped by a slightly everted rim. The handles are large in proportion to the overall size of the amphora, curving in a large arc from the shoulder to just below the rim. The height varies between 44 and 52cm and the maximum diameter between 8 and 14cm.
See characteristics

Date Range

Seventh century AD
Search: [7th century AD]


Its texture and some morpholigical details suggest a possible Cretan origin. These amphorae could be a possible late variant of the "amphore crétoise 1a" (Markulaki et al, 1989; Empereur et alii, 1991: Fig. 17). If the Cretan origin of these seventh century AD amphorae is confirmed by other discoveries, we will have proof that Cretan wine production lasted a considerable period.
Search: [Crete] [Eastern Mediterranean] [Greek Islands]


It occurs in Scythia at Murighiol (Opaiţ, 1991b: 150, Type E8, Pl. 22, 125-6, 132), Histria (Condurachi, 1954: 461, Fig. 387), Axiopolis (Barnea et alii, 1971: 161, No. 188; Popescu, 1976: 208, No. 196) and Argamum (M. Coja, pers. com.) at the beginning of the 7 century AD. In the south, this amphora appears at Constantinople (Hayes, 1992: 104, Type 22, Fig. 49/195-6; dated to the second half of the 7 century AD) and Berenike (Benghazi) (Riley, 1979: 232, Type LRA 14, Pl. 94.376).
Search: [Black Sea] [Egypt] [North Africa] [Western Asia Minor]


The amphora illustrated has been discovered at Tomi and has a capacity of c. 1.8 litres, while an amphora discovered at Murighiol is c. 3.0 litres (Opaiţ, 1991a: Pl. 22; Topoleanu, 2000: 141, No. 357, Pl. 44).
Search: [Unknown]


Principal contributor: Andrei Opaiţ


Late Roman Amphora 14