Roman Amphorae: a digital resource

University of Southampton, 2005 (updated 2014)

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Resource identifiers

Digital Object Identifiers

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https://doi.org/10.5284/1028192
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University of Southampton (2014) Roman Amphorae: a digital resource [data-set]. York: Archaeology Data Service [distributor] https://doi.org/10.5284/1028192

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Amphore de Pamphylie



Distinctive Features

This type of amphora is known as the Form 13 (Grace, 1973) and the Pamphylian Amphora (Rauh et alii, 2000: 169-70). It has a near-oval, bulging body with faint (if any) indication of shoulder and neck off-set. It exhibits small, rounded handles and a rolled and slightly thickened rim. "Toes are short and thick and taper to a rounded button" (Rauh, 2004: 330). The shape of the body, and the length of the handles and neck show considerable variation: a bulging belly, short neck and handles may be early features (compare Empereur, 1998: 394, Fig. 5 with Slane, 1986: 282 No. 26 Pl. 63 and the presumably far later specimen published by Rauh (2004: 330, Fig. 1)). However, more finds of complete amphorae from dated contexts are needed before the evolution of the form can be established.
See characteristics

Date Range

From the first half of the first century BC through to the third century AD (Rauh et alii, 2000: 169) or early fourth century AD.

Stamped handles found at Delos in contexts pre-dating 69 BC (cf. Woodhead in Grace & Savvatianou-Pétropoulakou, 1970: 367-9). A stamped handle occurred in a Late Hellenistic/Augustan context in Athens (Grace, 1973: 207 No. 19), and a complete amphora in a deposit at Corinth dated to the first quarter of first century AD (Slane, 1986: 282 No. 26 Pl. 63).

The latest date is represented by a coin struck by Maximinus Daia II (AD 304-310), discovered at the Syedra kiln site (Rauh, 2004: 330).
Search: [1st century BC] [1st century AD] [2nd century AD] [3rd century AD] [4th century AD]

Origin

A Pamphylian source was first suggested due to handle stamps with Pamphylian names (cf. Woodhead in Grace & Savvatianou-Pétropoulakou, 1970, 367-9). Fragments (of a late third/early fourth century AD version?) of the form have been identified at a kiln site at Syedra in Rough Cilicia (Rauh, 2004, 329-30 Figs. 1-3).
Search: [Eastern Asia Minor] [Western Asia Minor]

Distribution

Only distributed in the eastern Mediterranean; scattered occurrences with the largest concentration (handle stamps) at Alexandria:
Greece: Athens (Rauh et alii, 2000: 169 Note 88); Corinth (Slane, 1986: 282 No. 26 Pl. 63); Delos (Woodhead in Grace & Savvatianou-Pétropoulakou: 1970, 367-9; Grace, 1973; Rauh et al, 2000: 169); Kos (Rauh et alii, 2000: 169 Note 88); Rhodes (Rauh et alii, 2000: 169 Note 88). Turkey: Antioch (Rauh et alii, 2000: 169 Note 88); Perge (Laube, 2003, stamped handles); Syedre kiln site (Rauh, 2004). Cyprus: (Rauh et alii, 2000: 169 Note 88). Israel: Gezer, Nessana and Sarafand (Rauh et alii, 2000: 169 Note 88). Egypt: Alexandria (Grace, 1973, 185 Note 2: 547 stamps; Empereur, 1998: 394 Fig. 5).
Search: [Cyprus] [Eastern Asia Minor] [Eastern Mediterranean] [Egypt] [Greece] [Greek Islands] [North Africa] [The Levant]

Contents

Wine (Empereur, 1998: 394); Strabo (XII,7,1 (C570)) refers to olive cultivation at Side and Aspendos; no ancient author refers to wine production in Pamphylia (Laube, 2003: 132). There is a red dipinto on the shoulder of a specimen in Corinth (Slane, 1986: 282 No. 26 Pl. 63).
Search: [Wine]

Comments

Principal contributor: John Lund

Classification

Grace 13
Pamphylian Amphoras