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University of Southampton (2014) Roman Amphorae: a digital resource [data-set]. York: Archaeology Data Service [distributor] (doi:10.5284/1028192)
[Late Roman Amphora 5]
Distinctive Features‘Late Roman Amphora 6’ (Hayes, 1976: 117), refers to a specific product within the Palestinian ‘bag-shaped’ amphora group (Late Roman Amphora 5). It is the reduced-fired amphora that is typical of the city of Beth Shan-Beisan (Scythiopolis). It has a very hard, reduced, dark grey-black fabric and it is typically decorated with white painted loops and horizontal lines. Some variants have a marked ridge separating the shoulder from the upper body. The rims are rolled or a band. Some have a marked step on the lower wall (shared by the Caesarean LRA 5). As with the LRA 5, the handles are ring type and placed on the outer edge of the shoulder.
Date RangeEarly third to eighth centuries AD and beyond. One well stratified early third century AD example has occurred in Beirut, cf. the contemporary trade in the more common Late Roman Amphora 5. The type is not a significant import in Beirut until the mid and late fourth century AD, being then relatively common throughout the Byzantine period. Note that the shape continued to be produced into the first half of the eighth century AD, during the Ummayad period (Reynolds, 2003b: Fig. 1.12) and that sherds do occur in Abbassid deposits in Beirut.
Search: [3rd century AD] [4th century AD] [5th century AD] [6th century AD] [7th century AD] [8th century AD]
OriginProbably from Beth Shan/Beisan, Palestine
Search: [Eastern Mediterranean] [Palestine] [The Levant]
DistributionPalestine, Beirut, Istanbul (Hayes, 1976: Type 7), Athens, Butrint, France, Spain.
Search: [Eastern Mediterranean] [France] [Greece] [Lebanon] [North West Europe] [Palestine] [Spain] [The Aegean] [Western Asia Minor]
ContentsProbably wine, on the basis of textual references to wine production in the Ummayad period.
CommentsPrincipal contributor: Paul Reynolds