Roman Amphorae: a digital resource

University of Southampton, 2005 (updated 2014)

Data copyright © University of Southampton unless otherwise stated


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Resource identifiers

Digital Object Identifiers

Digital Object Identifiers (DOIs) are persistent identifiers which can be used to consistently and accurately reference digital objects and/or content. The DOIs provide a way for the ADS resources to be cited in a similar fashion to traditional scholarly materials. More information on DOIs at the ADS can be found on our help page.

Citing this DOI

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https://doi.org/10.5284/1028192
Sample Citation for this DOI

University of Southampton (2014) Roman Amphorae: a digital resource [data-set]. York: Archaeology Data Service [distributor] https://doi.org/10.5284/1028192

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Beirut 1



Distinctive Features

This has a slightly bulbous neck, short projecting pointed rim (early examples) or folded band rim (late first BC-Augustan). As with all Beirut amphorae (first century BC to seventh century AD), and these should be seen as a continuous series. The handles comprise a flat central band moulding, concave on either side. They are attached from the rim face to the shoulder, curving inwards towards their base. The body is tronco -conical, ending in a hollow cone toe with a rounded end. Shoulders are rounded.
See characteristics

Date Range

Typical of the second half of the first century BC (c. 75-50 BC) to c. AD 10?
Search: [1st century BC] [1st century AD]

Origin

No kilns are attested, but the form is clearly local to Beirut.
Search: [Lebanon] [The Levant]

Distribution

Beirut. The earliest exported examples to Cyprus are a mid first century AD development of the Beirut 2 type (Reynolds, 1999; 2000; 2005a).
Search: [Cyprus] [Eastern Mediterranean] [Lebanon] [The Levant]

Contents

Possibly wine. Some examples of the later versions of the Beirut amphora have their necks pierced (to aid the fermentation process). The presence of a liquid sealant may explain dark coloured stains running down the outer neck on many Beirut amphorae, including the Beirut 1.
Search: [Wine]

Comments

Principal contributor: Paul Reynolds