Roman Amphorae: a digital resource

University of Southampton, 2005 (updated 2014)

Data copyright © University of Southampton unless otherwise stated

Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC) logo

Primary contact

Dr David Williams
Dept of Archaeology
University of Southampton
Avenue Campus
SO17 1BJ
Tel: 080 593032

Send e-mail enquiry

Resource identifiers

Digital Object Identifiers

Digital Object Identifiers (DOIs) are persistent identifiers which can be used to consistently and accurately reference digital objects and/or content. The DOIs provide a way for the ADS resources to be cited in a similar fashion to traditional scholarly materials. More information on DOIs at the ADS can be found on our help page.

Citing this DOI

The updated Crossref DOI Display guidelines recommend that DOIs should be displayed in the following format:
Sample Citation for this DOI

University of Southampton (2014) Roman Amphorae: a digital resource [data-set]. York: Archaeology Data Service [distributor]

University of Southampton logo

Beirut 3

Distinctive Features

This is a larger amphora than Beirut 1 and Beirut 2 (the early to mid first century AD variant), but not as large as early third century versions of the form (Beirut 4). It has a thin-walled and well ribbed tronco -conical body ending in a hollow cone toe. It has a band rim (top of neck folded over to form a band, so the lower line can be irregular) with handles similar to those of Beirut 1, but longer and generally pulled upwards, before bending inwards towards the base of the handle.
Minimum height:BEY 113.218/30/033 (Reynolds, 2000: Fig. 4.15). Early variant of this type? Late first/c. 100?: 76.8 cm.
Minimum width: BEY 113.218/30/033: 31.3 cm.
See characteristics

Date Range

Late first century/100 AD to mid second centuries AD.


Beirut city kiln attested on Site BEY 015, with a kiln site also known at Khalde (American University of Beirut excavations).
Search: [Lebanon] [The Levant]


Beirut and its hinterland: Beirut, Jiye (Southern Lebanon) and Tyre, as well as at Carthage (Bir Jebbana excavations) and from Cyprus. Occasional exports to the western Mediterranean.
Search: [Cyprus] [Eastern Mediterranean] [Lebanon] [North Africa] [The Levant] [Tunisia] [Western Mediterranean]


Probably wine. As with Beirut 1, many examples show liquid staining inside and over the rim neck.
Search: [Unknown]


Principal contributor: Paul Reynolds