Roman Amphorae: a digital resource

University of Southampton, 2005 (updated 2014)

Data copyright © University of Southampton unless otherwise stated


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Dr David Williams
Dept of Archaeology
University of Southampton
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Tel: 080 593032

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Resource identifiers

Digital Object Identifiers

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Citing this DOI

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https://doi.org/10.5284/1028192
Sample Citation for this DOI

University of Southampton (2014) Roman Amphorae: a digital resource [data-set]. York: Archaeology Data Service [distributor] https://doi.org/10.5284/1028192

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Rhodian Type



Rhodian Type

Courtesy of Dr. Imad Khalil / Graeco-Roman Museum at Alexandria
Imad Khalil

Distinctive Features

This class has a simple rounded rim with cylindrical neck that has similarities to the Dressel 2-4. There are distinctive long single rod handles which rise to a sharp peak, while the body tapers to end in a solid spike, which often has slight corrugations.
See characteristics

Date Range

This form of Rhodian amphora developed from its late Hellenistic prototypes by the late first century BC and is still recorded at Augst up to the mid second century AD (Martin-Kilcher, 1994).
Search: [1st century BC] [1st century AD] [2nd century AD]

Origin

Petrological analysis suggests several different production centres, all probably located in the Aegean area and in western Asia Minor (Empereur & Picon, 1989; Bezeczky, 2005). Only two fabrics seem to be important, both from the Rhodian Pereia (Peacock, 1977d; Empereur & Tuna, 1989), where kiln sites associated with this form have been found (Empereur & Tuna, 1989; see Peacock, 1997d for details of the other, minor fabrics).
Search: [Eastern Mediterranean] [The Aegean] [Western Asia Minor]

Distribution

There is a widespread distribution, from the Aegean, to Cyrenaica, Italy, France, Germany, Pannonia, Switzerland and Britain (Peacock, 1977d; Martin-Kilcher, 1994; Bezeczky, 1994; 2005). The high number of vessels found on military sites from the mid first century AD onwards may be the result of a tribute placed on the Rhodians by Claudius (Peacock, 1977d).
Search: [Cyprus] [Eastern Mediterranean] [France] [Germany] [Great Britain] [Greek Islands] [Italy] [North West Europe] [Switzerland] [The Aegean] [The Balkans]

Contents

This is often considered to be Rhodian wine, but other types of wine may also have been carried (Fraser, 1972: 162-71) and also wine based products (Bezeczky, 2005). Some amphorae of this form on the Dramont D shipwreck of the mid first century AD held figs (Joncheray, 1974: 31-3).
Search: [Figs] [Wine]

Comments

Principal contributor: David Williams

Classification

Augst 6
Callender 7
Camulodunum 184
Ostia 65
Peacock & Williams 9