Roman Amphorae: a digital resource

University of Southampton, 2005 (updated 2014)

Data copyright © University of Southampton unless otherwise stated


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Dr David Williams
Dept of Archaeology
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Resource identifiers

Digital Object Identifiers

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Citing this DOI

The updated Crossref DOI Display guidelines recommend that DOIs should be displayed in the following format:

https://doi.org/10.5284/1028192
Sample Citation for this DOI

University of Southampton (2014) Roman Amphorae: a digital resource [data-set]. York: Archaeology Data Service [distributor] https://doi.org/10.5284/1028192

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Campanian 'Black Sand' fabric

Fabric Visual Characteristics

This is especially distinctive in the hand-specimen as the fabric appears to contain much 'black sand' - caused by the presence of dark green augite crystals (Peacock, 1971: Fabric 2). This distinctive fabric has been sourced to the area around the bay of Naples, and is especially associated with the towns of Herculaneum and Pompeii (Peacock, 1977d; see also Williams, 2005). However, one must be careful when dealing with undiagnostic bodysherds since the same fabric is also used for Dressel 1A, Dressel 1B, Dressel 1C, Dressel 2-4 Flat-based and the Campanian almond-rimmed type.

Fabric Petrological Characteristics

Thin sectioning shows frequent subrounded grains of green and colourless augite, together with quartz and sanidine feldspar, and lesser amounts of volcanic rock and glass fragments, brown hornblende, biotite and yellow-brown garnet (Peacock, 1971; 1977d).

Comments

Equivalent to: CAM AM 1 of the National Roman Fabric Reference Collection (Tomber & Dore, 1998: 88)

Amphora made from this fabric

 

i Dressel 2-4 Flat-based

i Dressel 1

i Campanian almond-rim type

i Camulodunum 139

i Dressel 2-4 Italian