A corpus of Anglo-Saxon cruciform brooches

Toby Martin, 2015

Data copyright © Dr Toby Martin unless otherwise stated

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Dr Toby Martin
British Academy Post-doctoral Fellow
Institute of Archaeology
University of Oxford
36 Beaumont St

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Toby Martin (2015) A corpus of Anglo-Saxon cruciform brooches [data-set]. York: Archaeology Data Service [distributor] https://doi.org/10.5284/1028833

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Unique identification number for each brooch - numbers match the catalogue entries in Martin 2015

Any part of the site name, for example 'Wychnor'

County names follow the historic counties of England
Site type:

Burial: Any kind of burial. The criterion for inclusion in this category is that skeletal material was recovered from the site, or there was evidence for grave cuts.

PAS: Any site originating from the Portable Antiquities Scheme database. The vast majority of these are metal-detected

Stray find: this category includes finds recovered without context. Some may be metal-detected, but they are not found on the Portable Antiquities Scheme database. As such, the sources of information for these sites includes publications, museums and Historic Environment Records.

Unknown: usually these are sites often from museum records which could not be linked to Historic Environment Records or published information. It is simply not known whether they were found in stratified contexts or were stray finds.

This is the type of cruciform brooch according to the classification system proposed in Martin 2015. The typology initially breaks the corpus down into four major groups, which are further subdivided into sub-groups. The sub-groups are then broken down into individual types. This hierarchical method classification is reflected in each type's name. For instance, type 4.3.1 represents the first type in sub-group 3 of group 4. The method of classification itself relied on a consideration of each brooch's mixture of stylistic components, which is presented in full in Martin 2015. Less complete brooches are classified to the sub-group, or even just the group level. If the brooch cannot even be classified to the group level, then it is designated a type given in the ‘Guide to Fragment Classification’ in Martin 2015

Type of cruciform brooch according to the classification system proposed in Martin 2015
This field provides the phase (A, B or C) to which the brooch belongs. These phases were a product of three different kinds of seriations, presented in full in Martin 2015. The first was a seriation of stylistic components, the second was a seriation of grave-associated cruciform brooch types, and the third and final was a seriation of other grave-associated dress accessories. The absolute dates for these phases were arrived at through a mixture of interpolations, which are again presented in full in Martin 2015. The dates are as follows:
  • AD c.420-475
  • AD c.475-550
  • AD c.525-560/70

The phase to which the brooch belongs according to the chronology proposed in Martin 2015

Source of information from which the brooch was recorded

A list of all the Salin's Style I motif's found on the brooch

A list of the geometric motifs on the brooch