Anglo-Saxon Kent Electronic Database (ASKED)

Sue Harrington, Stuart Brookes, 2008

Data copyright © University College London unless otherwise stated


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Dr Sue Harrington
University College London
Gower Street
London
WC1E 6BT
UK

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Resource identifiers

Digital Object Identifiers

Digital Object Identifiers (DOIs) are persistent identifiers which can be used to consistently and accurately reference digital objects and/or content. The DOIs provide a way for the ADS resources to be cited in a similar fashion to traditional scholarly materials. More information on DOIs at the ADS can be found on our help page.

Citing this DOI

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doi:10.5284/1000069

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5284/1000069

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Sample Citation for this DOI

Sue Harrington, Stuart Brookes (2008) Anglo-Saxon Kent Electronic Database (ASKED) [data-set]. York: Archaeology Data Service [distributor] (doi:10.5284/1000069)

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Wordlists

Site names and codes

The site names and codes allocated to sites studied as part of this project are as follows:

Site name Parish Site code
Adisham Down Bekesbourne BAD
Barfreston Shepherdswell-with-Coldred BAR
Bradstow School Broadstairs BBS
Boughton Aluph Boughton Aluph BGA
Bifrons Patrixbourne BIF
Aerodrome Bekesbourne BKB
Breach Downs Barham BRD
Barham Downs Barham BRH
Bourne Park Bishopsbourne BSB
St. Peter's Tip Broadstairs BSP
Valetta House Broadstairs BVH
Chartham Downs Chartham CHD
Chatham Lines Chatham CHL
Tremworth Down Crundale CRD
Buckland Dover DBU
Darenth Park Darenth DHH
Priory Hill Dover DPH
Eccles Aylesford ECC
Eastry Mill Eastry EEM
Updown Eastry EUP
Charlton Manor Farningham FCM
Dover Hill Folkestone FDH
Finglesham Northbourne FGL
Gilton Ash GIL
Greenwich Park Greenwich GRW
Holborough Snodland HBR
Riseley Horton Kirby HKR
Howletts Littlebourne HOW
Kingston Down Kingston KGD
Lyminge Lyminge LYM
Mill Hill Deal MHD
Half Mile Ride Margate MHM
Primrose Hill Monkton MKN
Hoo Farm Minster-in-Thanet MMP
Mount Pleasant Minster-in-Thanet MMP-2
Huggin's Field Milton Regis MRE
Rondeau Estate Milton Regis MRE-2
Mersham Mersham MRS
Thorne Farm Minster-in-Thanet MTF
Milky Down Newington NWT
Dolland's Moor Newington NWT-2
Orpington Orpington ORP
Ozengell Ramsgate OZE
Polhill Dunton Green POL
Watts Avenue Rochester RWA
Sarre Sarre SAR
Temple Farm Strood SDA
Sibertswold Shepherdswell-with-Coldred SIB
The Droveway St. Margaret's-at-Cliffe SMC
Stowting Stowting SWT
Witherden Farm Wingham WGH
Old Park Whitfield WHF
Wye Downs Wye WYE

Artefact designations

The following wordlist was used by the ASKED project to describe objects. Illustrations have been provided courtesy of The British Museum, Maidstone Museum and Kent Archaeological Society for reference. Please note that the images are intended only to represent the kind of object listed under that artefact designation and are not definitive with regards to type or raw material content.Click on a thumbnail to open the full sized image in a new window:

Illustrations ASKED term Equivalent MDA archaeological object term/s Alternative definition / source Object type category Typological source
thumbnail of Adze.jpg Adze Adze Tools (other) None used
Amulet Amulet Personal Effects None used
thumbnail of Animal_Bone.jpg Animal Bone Bone derived from an animal Personal Effects/Grave Equipment etc. None used
Animal Brooch Brooch in the form of a single stylised backward biting animal Personal Effects None used
thumbnail of Annular_Brooch.jpg Annular Brooch Annular Brooch Personal Effects None used
thumbnail of Applied_Disc_Brooch.jpg Applied Disc Brooch Applied saucer brooch/Welch 1983 Personal Effects None used
Arrowhead Arrowhead Weaponry None used
thumbnail of Awl.jpg Awl Awl Tools (other) None used
thumbnail of Axehead.jpg Axehead Axehead Weaponry None used
thumbnail of Bag_Pouch.jpg Bag/Pouch Bag AND Pouch Personal Effects None used
thumbnail of Bead.jpg Bead Bead Personal Effects None used
Bed/Bier Bed AND Bier Grave Equipment etc. None used
Bell/Crucible Bell AND Crucible Tools (other) None used
Belt Mount/Plate/Adjuster Strap fitting Personal Effects None used
thumbnail of Bird_Brooch.jpg Bird Brooch Brooch in the form of a stylised bird Personal Effects None used
thumbnail of Bow_Brooch.jpg Bow Brooch Bow Brooch Personal Effects None used
thumbnail of Box_Fitments1.jpg Box Fitments Box Personal Effects None used
thumbnail of Bracelet.jpg Bracelet Bracelet Personal Effects None used
thumbnail of Bracteate.jpg Bracteate Bracteate Personal Effects None used
Brooch Brooch Personal Effects None used
thumbnail of Buckle.jpg Buckle Buckle Personal Effects None used
thumbnail of Buckle_Loop_and_Plate.jpg Buckle Loop and Plate Buckle Personal Effects None used
thumbnail of Buckle_Mount.jpg Buckle Mount Buckle Personal Effects None used
thumbnail of Buckle_Rivets.jpg Buckle Rivets Buckle Personal Effects None used
thumbnail of Button_Brooch.jpg Button Brooch Small saucer shaped brooch with anthropomorphic face mask Personal Effects Avent and Evison 1981
Casket facing Evison 1987 Personal Effects None used
thumbnail of Chain.jpg Chain Chain Personal Effects/Tools (other) None used
Charcoal black porous residue of partly burnt wood Personal Effects/Grave Equipment etc. None used
thumbnail of Chatelaine_Hanging_Chain.jpg Chatelaine/Hanging Chain Chatelaine Personal Effects None used
thumbnail of Chisel.jpg Chisel Chisel Tools (other) None used
Cist Stone lined grave structure Personal Effects None used
Clasp Clasp Personal Effects None used
thumbnail of Clench_Bolts.jpg Clench Bolts Clench Nails Grave Equipment etc. None used
Coffin Coffin Grave Equipment etc. None used
thumbnail of Coffin_Clamps.jpg Coffin Clamps Coffin Fitting Grave Equipment etc. None used
thumbnail of Coin.jpg Coin Coin Personal Effects None used
thumbnail of Comb.jpg Comb Comb Personal Effects None used
thumbnail of Composite_Jewelled_Disc_Brooch.jpg Composite Jewelled Disc Brooch Avent 1975 Personal Effects None used
thumbnail of Counter.jpg Counter Gaming piece Personal Effects None used
thumbnail of Cowrie_Shell_Amulet.jpg Cowrie Shell (Amulet?) Shell of small gastropod found in the Indian Ocean Personal Effects None used
thumbnail of Cruciform_Brooch.jpg Cruciform Brooch Reichstein 1977 Personal Effects None used
thumbnail of Crystal_Ball.jpg Crystal Ball A sphere of crystal quartz Personal Effects None used
thumbnail of Cu_Alloy_Bowl.jpg Cu Alloy Bowl Vessel Personal Effects None used
Dagger Dagger Weaponry None used
thumbnail of Dice.jpg Dice Dice Personal Effects None used
Disc Any small thin circular object of unknown use Personal Effects None used
thumbnail of Disc_Brooch.jpg Disc Brooch Dickinson 1979 Personal Effects None used
Earrings Ear ring Personal Effects None used
Eggshell Fragile shell of bird egg Personal Effects/Grave Equipment etc. None used
thumbnail of Equal_Arm_Brooch.jpg Equal Arm Brooch Brooch with two sub-triangular arms Personal Effects None used
thumbnail of Escutcheon_mount_applique.jpg Escutheon/mount/applique circular decorated plate for attachment to another artefact Personal Effects None used
thumbnail of Eyelet_Cleat.jpg Eyelet/Cleat Eyelet AND Cleat Personal Effects None used
thumbnail of Fe_Rove_Diamond.jpg Fe Rove/Diamond Rove Personal Effects None used
thumbnail of Fe_implement.jpg Fe implement Iron tool of uncertain useage Tools (other) None used
thumbnail of Ferrule.jpg Ferrule Ferrule Weaponry None used
Figurine Figurine Personal Effects None used
thumbnail of Finger_Ring.jpg Finger Ring Finger Ring Personal Effects None used
thumbnail of Flint.jpg Flint unworked flint lump Grave Equipment etc. None used
Flint Packing Flint lumps placed around edge of grave Grave Equipment etc. None used
thumbnail of Fossil.jpg Fossil remains of plant or animal preserved in strata of earth Personal Effects None used
Garnet Disc Brooch Evison 1987 Personal Effects None used
thumbnail of Garnet_Disc_and_Rosette_Brooch.jpg Garnet Disc and Rosette Brooch Evison 1987 Personal Effects None used
thumbnail of Gemstone.jpg Gemstone Gemstone Personal Effects None used
thumbnail of Girdle_Hanger.jpg Girdle Hanger Girdle Hanger Personal Effects None used
thumbnail of Glass_Vessel.jpg Glass Vessel Vessel Personal Effects None used
thumbnail of Glass_fragment.jpg Glass fragment piece of glass, possibly diagnostic of original vessel, but deposited as a fragment Personal Effects/Grave Equipment etc. None used
thumbnail of Gold_Braid.jpg Gold Braid Braid Personal Effects None used
thumbnail of Great_Square_Headed_Brooch.jpg Great Square Headed Brooch Large brooch with expanded headplate Personal Effects None used
thumbnail of Hone.jpg Hone Whetstone Tools (other) None used
thumbnail of Hook.jpg Hook Hook Personal Effects None used
thumbnail of Horse_equipment.jpg Horse Equipment Horse Trappings Tools (other) None used
thumbnail of Instrument.jpg Instrument Evison 1987 Tools (other) None used
thumbnail of Iron_Pyrites.jpg Iron Pyrites sulphide of iron Tools (other)/Grave Equipment etc. None used
thumbnail of Jewel_Plated_Disc_Brooch.jpg Jewel Plated Disc Brooch cf Avent 1975 Personal Effects None used
thumbnail of Key.jpg Key Key (locking) AND Girdle Hanger AND Latchlifter Personal Effects None used
thumbnail of Keystone_Garnet_Disc_Brooch.jpg Keystone Garnet Disc Brooch cf Avent 1975 Personal Effects Avent 1975
thumbnail of Knife.jpg Knife Knife Personal Effects Evison 1987
Knife sheath Sheath Personal Effects None used
thumbnail of Lace_Tag.jpg Lace Tag Lace Tag Personal Effects None used
Linked Pin Linked Pin Personal Effects None used
thumbnail of Melon_Bead.jpg Melon Bead Melon Bead Personal Effects None used
Mirror Mirror Personal Effects None used
thumbnail of Monochrome_Bead.jpg Monochrome Bead Bead Personal Effects None used
Mount Ornamental metal plate Personal Effects None used
Nails Nail Personal Effects/Grave Equipment etc. None used
thumbnail of Neck_ring.jpg Neck ring Neck ring Personal Effects None used
Needle (other material) Needle Textile Making Equipment None used
Openwork disc Cast metal disc with decorative openings Personal Effects None used
Other-inorganic Any other inorganic object not in the thesaurus and not identifiable as an object Personal Effects/Tools (other)/Grave Equipment etc. None used
Other-organic Any other organic object not in the thesaurus Personal Effects/Grave Equipment etc. None used
Oyster Shell Shell from an edible bivalve mollusc Grave Equipment etc. None used
thumbnail of Pebble.jpg Pebble small rounded stone Personal Effects/Grave Equipment etc. None used
thumbnail of Penannular_Brooch.jpg Penannular Brooch Penannular Brooch Personal Effects None used
thumbnail of Pendant.jpg Pendant Pendant Personal Effects None used
thumbnail of Perforated_Spoon.jpg Perforated Spoon Spoon Personal Effects None used
thumbnail of Pin_Beater.jpg Pin Beater Weft Beater Textile Making Equipment None used
thumbnail of Pin_Bodkin.jpg Pin/Bodkin Pin AND Bodkin Personal Effects/Textile Making Equipment None used
Pincers/grips Pincers Tools (other) None used
Plane Plane Tools (other) None used
thumbnail of Polychrome_Bead.jpg Polychrome Bead Bead Personal Effects None used
thumbnail of Potsherd.jpg Potsherd Broken piece of earthenware Personal Effects/Grave Equipment etc. None used
thumbnail of Pottery_Hand_made.jpg Pottery (Hand-made) Pot Personal Effects/Grave Equipment etc. None used
thumbnail of Pottery_wheel_thrown.jpg Pottery (wheel-thrown) Pot Personal Effects/Grave Equipment etc. None used
thumbnail of Pursemount_firesteel.jpg Pursemount/firesteel Purse Personal Effects None used
Quernstone Quern Tools (other) None used
thumbnail of Quoit_Brooch.jpg Quoit Brooch Broad banded annular brooch with 'notch and stops' fastening Personal Effects None used
thumbnail of Radiate_Head_Brooch.jpg Radiate Head Brooch Brooch with semi-circular head plate, with or without radiating knobs Personal Effects None used
thumbnail of Ring.jpg Ring Ring Personal Effects None used
Rivet Rivet Personal Effects None used
thumbnail of Rod.jpg Rod Rod Personal Effects None used
thumbnail of S-Shaped_Brooch.jpg S-Shaped Brooch Brooch with a pair of opposed backward biting animals forming an S shape Personal Effects None used
Safety Pin Brooch Gracile form of brooch fastening Personal Effects None used
thumbnail of Saucer_Brooch.jpg Saucer Brooch Cast brooch of dished form with decoration on the flat central area Personal Effects None used
thumbnail of Scabbard.jpg Scabbard Scabbard Weaponry None used
thumbnail of Scabbard_Chape.jpg Scabbard Chape Scabbard Weaponry None used
thumbnail of Scales.jpg Scales Balance Tools (other) None used
thumbnail of Seax.jpg Seax Seax Weaponry None used
thumbnail of Shears.jpg Shears Shears Textile Making Equipment None used
Sheath Sheath Personal Effects None used
Sheath mount Sheath Personal Effects None used
thumbnail of Sheet_fragments.jpg Sheet fragments Fragments of thin metal sheet from unknown artefact Personal Effects None used
thumbnail of Shield_Boss.jpg Shield Boss Shield Weaponry Dickinson and Härke 1992
thumbnail of Shield_Grip.jpg Shield Grip Shield Weaponry Dickinson and Härke 1992
thumbnail of Shield_Mounts_Rivets.jpg Shield Mounts/Rivets Shield Weaponry None used
thumbnail of Small_Long_Brooch.jpg Small Long Brooch MacGregor and Bolick, p.124 Personal Effects None used
thumbnail of Small_Radiate_Headed_Brooch.jpg Small Radiate Headed Brooch Smaller version of the Radiate Headed Brooch Personal Effects None used
thumbnail of Small_Square_Headed_Brooch.jpg Small Square Headed Brooch MacGregor and Bolick, p.120 Personal Effects None used
thumbnail of Spatula.jpg Spatula Spatula Tools (other) None used
thumbnail of Spear_Fitting.jpg Spear Fitting Spear Weaponry None used
Spear Shaft Spear Weaponry None used
thumbnail of Spearhead.jpg Spearhead Spear Weaponry Swanton 1974
thumbnail of Spindle_Whorl.jpg Spindle Whorl Spindle Whorl Textile Making Equipment None used
thumbnail of Spoon.jpg Spoon Spoon Personal Effects None used
Square brooch Plate brooch in the form of a square, may be set with garnets Personal Effects None used
thumbnail of Staple.jpg Staple Staple Tools (other) None used
thumbnail of Staples.jpg Staples Staple Personal Effects/Grave Equipment etc. None used
Stone Pillow Stone used to pillow the head of the deceased Grave Equipment etc. None used
Stone Slab Large piece of stone Grave Equipment etc. None used
thumbnail of Strap_Adjuster.jpg Strap Adjuster Strap Fitting Personal Effects None used
thumbnail of Strap_End.jpg Strap End Strap Fitting Personal Effects None used
thumbnail of Stud.jpg Stud Stud Personal Effects None used
thumbnail of Stylus_scriptorius.jpg Stylus scriptorius Stylus Textile Making Equipment None used
thumbnail of Suspension_Loop.jpg Suspension Loop Loop used to suspend other artefacts Personal Effects None used
thumbnail of Suspension_Plate.jpg Suspension Plate Plate from which other artefacts are suspended Personal Effects None used
Sword Sword Weaponry None used
thumbnail of Sword_bead.jpg Sword bead Sword Weaponry None used
thumbnail of Sword_pommel.jpg Sword pommel Sword Weaponry None used
Tablet weaving square Weaving Tablet Personal Effects None used
thumbnail of Terret.jpg Terret Harness Fitting Personal Effects None used
thumbnail of Thong_tag.jpg Thong tag small metal terminal to a narrow strip of leather Personal Effects None used
Thread Box Sheet metal canister with a pull-off lid Textile Making Equipment None used
thumbnail of Toilet_Pick.jpg Toilet Pick General term for small toilet implements that may include picks, scoops and scrapers Personal Effects None used
Touchstone Touchstone Tools (other) None used
thumbnail of Trivet.jpg Trivet Trivet Personal Effects None used
thumbnail of Tube.jpg Tube Larger rolled tube of sheet metal Personal Effects None used
thumbnail of Tweezers.jpg Tweezers Tweezers Personal Effects None used
Unidentified artefact Object with insufficient remaining characteristics to identify as type Personal Effects/Tools (other)/Grave Equipment etc./Weaponry None used
thumbnail of Weaving_Beater.jpg Weaving Beater Weaving Batten Textile Making Equipment None used
thumbnail of Weights.jpg Weights Weight Tools (other) None used
thumbnail of Wooden_vessel_Cu_alloy_mounts.jpg Wooden vessel (Cu alloy mounts) Vessel Personal Effects None used
Wooden vessel (Fe mounts) Vessel Personal Effects None used
thumbnail of Wooden_vessel_silver_mounts.jpg Wooden vessel (silver mounts) Vessel Personal Effects None used
thumbnail of Wrist_Clasp.jpg Wrist Clasp Sleeve Clasp Personal Effects None used

Raw material types

The following wordlist was used by the ASKED project to describe raw material types:

  • Ae (Note: used for all copper alloys)
  • Agate
  • Amber
  • Amethyst
  • Antler
  • Apatite
  • Arsenic sulphide
  • Bone
  • Ceramic
  • Chalk
  • Charcoal
  • Clay
  • Copper
  • Cowrie shell
  • Crystal
  • Eggshell
  • Fe (Note: used for iron)
  • Flax
  • Fossil
  • Fruit
  • Garnet
  • Garnet
  • Gilt
  • Glass
  • Gold
  • Grass
  • Haematite
  • Hazelnuts
  • Horn
  • Iron pyrites
  • Ivory
  • Jasper
  • Jet
  • Lapis Lazuli
  • Lead
  • Leather
  • Metal
  • Millefiori
  • Nut
  • Ochre
  • Organic
  • Oyster shell
  • Raw Material
  • Resin
  • Sandstone
  • Seeds
  • Shale
  • Shell
  • Silver
  • Slag
  • Stone
  • Teeth
  • Textile
  • Tin
  • Tooth
  • Unknown
  • Vegetation
  • Wood
  • Wool

References

Avent, R. 1975. Anglo-Saxon Disc and Composite Brooches. Oxford, BAR Brit. Ser. 11

Avent, R. and Evison, V.I. 1981. Anglo-Saxon Button Brooches. Archaeologia 107, 77-124

Dickinson, T. 1979. On the Origin and Chronology of the Early Anglo-Saxon Disc Brooch. In Hawkes, S.C., Brown, D. and Campbell, J. (eds.) Anglo-Saxon Studies in Archaeology and History 1, Oxford, BAR Brit. Ser. 72, 39-69

Dickinson, T.M. & H�rke, H. 1992. Early Anglo-Saxon Shields. London, Society of Antiquaries, Archaeologia 110

Evison, V.I. 1987. Dover: The Buckland Anglo-Saxon Cemetery. London, Historic Buildings & Monuments Commission for England Archaeological Report 3

MacGregor, A, and Bolick, E. 1993. A Summary Catalogue of the Anglo-Saxon Collections (Non-Ferrous Metals). Oxford, BAR, Brit. Ser. 230

Reichstein, J. 1975. Die kreuzf�rmige Fibel. Neum�nster, Karl Wachholz Verlag

Swanton, M.J. 1974. A Corpus of Anglo-Saxon Spear-types. Oxford, BAR Brit. Ser. 7

Welch, M. 1983. Early Anglo-Saxon Sussex. Oxford, BAR Brit. Ser. 112