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Excavations at Little Waltham 1970-71

P J Drury

CBA Research Report No 26 (1978)

Chelmsford Excavation Committee Report 1

ISBN 0 900312 64 5


Title page of report 26

This report is intended as the first of a series, which will describe excavations undertaken by Chelmsford Excavation Committee between its inception in 1968 and 1976, when responsibility for rescue excavation in the area was assumed by Essex County Council.

The excavations at Little Waltham were undertaken at a time when threats to major archaeological sites in and around Chelmsford were at their peak. Much of the work was directed in parallel with excavations on the line of the Inner Relief Road in Chelmsford, particularly the second phase of the temple site (Drury 1972); at the same time, comprehensive redevelopment in Chelmsford town centre meant that a certain amount of time had to be spent recording medieval timber buildings before and during demolition.

Times have indeed changed; had the excavation been undertaken today, it would have been possible to give it the whole-hearted attention that it deserved, and to have produced this report rather more rapidly. It was in fact begun in 1972. In spite of revision, such a lengthy gestation period has left its impression - particularly evident in the varying format and styles of the figures. One can but hope that this does not seriously detract from the value of the result.


  • Title pages
  • List of Illustrations, Preface and Contributors (pp vii-ix)
  • I Introduction (p 1)
  • II The site (pp 2-10)
  • III Outline chronology (p 10)
  • IV The excavations (pp 10-51)
  • V The excavated material (pp 51-118)
    • The pottery (pp 51-93)
    • Terra sigillata by W J Rodwell (pp 93-94)
    • Roman coins by Richard Reece (p 94)
    • Objects of bronze (pp 94-96)
    • Objects of iron (pp 96-99)
    • Objects of bone (p 99)
    • Glass (p 99)
    • Objects of wood (p 99)
    • Objects of leather by J H Thornton (pp 99-102)
    • The flint by Elizabeth Healey (pp 102-110)
    • Objects of stone (identifications by F W Anderson) (pp 110-112)
    • Brick and tile (p 112)
    • The fired clay (pp 112-115)
    • The metalworking residues by R F Tylecote, Leo Biek and Justine Bayley (pp 115-116)
    • Charcoal (p 116)
    • Animal bone by Alison Gebbels (pp 116-117)
    • Cremated bone from the burial, F360 by C A Keepax (pp 117-118)
    • The edible molluscs by J G Evans (p 118)
    • Examination of charred food residue on a potsherd by John Evans (p 118)
  • VI Discussion (pp 118-137)
  • Acknowledgements (p 137)
  • Notes (pp 137-139)
  • References (pp 139-142)
  • Appendices
    • I Iron Age and Roman plant remains by D Gay Wilson (pp 142-146)
    • II The abandoned river channel by Sylvia M Peglar and D Gay Wilson (pp 146-148)
  • The plates

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