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Post-medieval sites and their pottery: Moulsham Street, Chelmsford

by C M Cunningham and P J Drury

CBA Research Report No 54 (1985)

with contributions by J Bayley, C Caple, B M A Ellis, J Evans, S Freeth, A R Goodall, I H Goodall, G J Rimer, and B Spencer

Chelmsford Archaeological Trust - Report 5

ISBN 0 906780 41 1


Abstract

Title page of report 54

A typology for local post-Roman ceramics is given in outline, and described in detail for the period c 1450-1750. This is based on, and illustrated by, excavated material from the Moulsham suburb of Chelmsford. The results of the extensive excavation of a single plot, 59-63 Moulsham Street, occupied from c 1500 onwards, are described, together with smaller excavations at the rear of 179-80 and 195-6 Moulsham Street. A large assemblage of finds includes material specifically related to the occupation of the main site by a leatherworker in the late 16th and early 17th centuries, and its use as an inn late in the 17th century. Clay pipes were probably manufactured in the vicinity of the excavated sites c 1660-80 and c 1730-60. Late 16th century ceramic culinary moulds may also reflect an occupier's trade, rather than domestic use. Much of the pottery from the sites was produced at Stock: our current knowledge of this production centre is summarized.

Contents

  • Title pages (pp i-v)
  • Illustrations (p vi)
  • Contributors (p vi)
  • Summary (p vii)
  1. A typology for post-Roman pottery in Essex by C M Cunningham (p 1)
    • The fabrics (p 1)
    • Rim form (p 2)
    • Vessel form (p 3)
    • Discussion (p 4)
  2. The excavations in Moulsham Street, Scelmsford by P J Drury (p 17)
    • Introduction (p 17)
    • Site S: 59-63 Moulsham Street (p 19)
      1. Methods of excavation, recording, and analysis (p 19)
      2. The excavated features (p 19)
      3. Documentary evidence and the development of the site(p 30)
      4. General conclusions (p 34)
    • Site AA: 179-80 Moulsham Street (p 35)
    • Site X: 195-6 Moulsham Street(p 36)
    • The artefacts (p 37)
      • Building materials (p 37)
        • Stone by P J Drury (p 37)
        • Ceramic by P J Drury (p 37)
        • Window glass by C M Cunningham (p 39)
      • The coins and jettons by C M Cunningham (p 39)
      • Copper alloy objects and debris by Alison R Goodall, with Justine Bayley, Blanche Ellis, C Caple, and C M Cunningham (p 40)
      • Pewter and lead objects by Brian Spencer and Alison R Goodall (p 50)
      • Ironwork by Ian H Goodall, with Blanche Ellis and Graeme J Rimer (p 51)
      • Bone objects by C M Cunningham (p 57)
      • Clay pipes by C M Cunningham (p 58)
      • Vessel and bottle glass by C M Cunningham (p 60)
      • Stone objects by P J Drury (p 62)
      • The pottery by C M Cunningham (p 63)
      • Other ceramic domestic artefacts by P J Drury (comments on glaze by Justine Bayley) (p 78)
  3. The Stock pottery by C M Cunningham (p 83)
  4. Bibliography (p 34)
  • Microfiche element
    1. Analysis of sample of filling of pipkin from X39 by John Evans (1.A4)
    2. Detailed list of pottery vessel forms by C M Cunningham (1.B1-12)
    3. Inventory of the goods of Thomas Artour, c 1480/1500 by Steven Freeth (1.C1-4)
    4. Inventory of the goods belonging to Moulsham hospital, 1530 by Steven Freeth (1.C6)
    5. Table of potters working in the Stock area, with dates of baptism, marriage, will, and burial (1.C8-9)

Download report

Post-medieval sites and their pottery: Moulsham Street, Chelmsford (CBA Research Report 54) PDF 19 Mb
Post-medieval sites and their pottery: Moulsham Street, Chelmsford (microfiche) PDF 2 Mb