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The temple and other sites in the north-eastern sector of Caesaromagus

N P Wickenden

CBA Research Report No 75 (1992)

ISBN 1 872414 06 0


Title page of report 75

This is the ninth in the series of Chelmsford Archaeological Trust Reports and the second volume which reports on sites within Caesaromagus - the Roman town of Chelmsford. The first was concerned with the mansio, town defences, and other sites in the south-eastern sector of the town (Drury 1988). Its companion volume (Going 1987) dealt with the pottery and set out a typology for Roman pottery from the town; it has been substantially referred to here. A third volume (in prep) will deal with a series of frontage sites, mainly in the north-western sector of the town.

This volume reports on sites in the north-eastern sector of the town, which together form a coherent group. They comprise three main 'rescue' excavations (Sites K, D and M) directed by Mr P J Drury for the, then, Chelmsford Excavation Committee during 1970 and early 1971, in advance of Phase II of the Chelmsford Inner Relief Road (subsequently known as Parkway and the Baddow Road roundabout). In addition, a number of relevant small excavations and observations of contractor's works are included here. The latter were largely carried out by Messrs D Biglin and H Young. Two small recent excavations by the Essex County Council Archaeology Section are also included here.


  • Title pages
  • Contents (pp v-vii)
  • Illustrations (p viii)
  • List of tables (p ix)
  • List of plates (p ix)
  • Contributors (p ix)
  • I Introduction (pp 1-5)
  • II Site D, 29-31 Rochford Road (pp 6-15)
    • Introduction (p 6)
    • The excavated features (pp 6-15)
  • III The Temple Site: Site K, 1-8 Rochford Road (pp 16-43)
    • Introduction (p 16)
    • The excavated features (pp 16-43)
  • IV The Other Sites (pp 44-62)
    • Site M: 1-4 The Chase (p 44)
      • Introduction (p 44)
      • The excavated features (pp 44-47)
    • Site AB: 1-12 Goldlay Road (pp 47-49)
      • Introduction (p 47)
      • The excavated features (pp 48-49)
    • Site L (p 49)
    • Site Q: Salvation Army Premises (p 49)
    • Site AS: 16-18 Baddow Road (pp 49-53)
    • Site CF1: 16 Mildmay Road (pp 54-57)
    • Site CR: Watching Briefs (pp 57-62)
      • Summary (pp 57-58)
      • The subway from Rochford Road to Baddow Road (pp 58-60)
      • Central area of roundabout (pp 60-62)
  • V The Building Materials (pp 63-65)
    • The stone (p 63)
    • The tile (p 63)
    • Mortar (p 63)
    • Wall plaster (pp 63-64)
    • Tesserae (p 64)
    • Burnt clay and daub (p 64)
    • Pigment (p 64)
  • VI The Loose Finds (pp 65-91)
    • The Roman coins by R Reece (pp 65-71)
    • The silver buckle by V I Evison (p 71)
    • The brooches by S A Butcher (pp 71-73)
    • Objects of copper alloy with P Wilthew (pp 73-80)
    • The lead (p 80)
    • Objects of iron (pp 80-82)
    • Metalworking debris by J G McDonnell (p 82)
    • Objects of bone (pp 82-83)
    • The glass (pp 83-86)
    • Objects of jet and shale (pp 86-88)
    • Objects of Fired Clay and Briquetage (pp 88-89)
    • Objects of stone (pp 89-91)
    • Leather (p 91)
  • VII The Pottery by C J Going & W J Rodwell (pp 92-115)
    • The samian by W J Rodwell (pp 92-93)
    • The other pottery by C J Going (pp 93-114)
    • Summary by C J Going (p 115)
  • VIII The Faunal Remains by R M Luff (pp 116-124)
    • Introduction (p 116)
    • Site K (pp 116-124)
    • Site D (p 124)
    • Site AB (p 124)
  • IX Discussion (pp 125-141)
    • Introduction (p 125)
    • 1st-2nd centuries (pp 125-129)
    • The corridor structure and 3rd century occupation (pp 129-131)
    • The roads (pp 131-133)
    • Trade and industry (pp 133-134)
    • The Romano-Celtic temple (pp 134-139)
    • South of the drainage ditch, 133 (pp 139-140)
    • Other religious evidence in Chelmsford (p 141)
    • Sub-Roman activity and the temple aftermath (p 141)
  • Bibliography (pp 142-145)
  • Index (p 146-149)

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