CBA Research Reports

Council for British Archaeology, 2000 (updated 2007)

Data copyright © Council for British Archaeology unless otherwise stated

Council for British Archaeology logo

Primary contact

Council for British Archaeology
St Mary's House
66 Bootham
YO30 7BZ
Tel: 01904 671417
Fax: 01904 671384

Send e-mail enquiry

Resource identifiers

Digital Object Identifiers

Digital Object Identifiers (DOIs) are persistent identifiers which can be used to consistently and accurately reference digital objects and/or content. The DOIs provide a way for the ADS resources to be cited in a similar fashion to traditional scholarly materials. More information on DOIs at the ADS can be found on our help page.

Citing this DOI

DOIs should be the last element in a citation irrespective of the format used. The DOI citation should begin with "doi:" in lowercase followed by the DOI with no spaces between the ":" and the DOI.


DOIs can also be cited as a persistent link from another Web page. This is done by appending the DOI Resolver with the DOI. This would look like:

However, if it is possible it is best to hide the URL in the href property of the <a> tag and have the link text be of the form doi:10.5284/1000332. The HTML for this would look like:

<a href="">doi:10.5284/1000332</a>
Sample Citation for this DOI

Council for British Archaeology (2007) CBA Research Reports [data-set]. York: Archaeology Data Service [distributor] (doi:10.5284/1000332)

Joint Information Systems Committee logo
Heds Digitisation Services logo

Environment and economy in Anglo-Saxon England: A review of recent work on the environmental archaeology of rural and urban Anglo-Saxon settlements in England: Proceedings of a conference held at the Museum of London, 9-10 April, 1990

James Rackham (Editor)

CBA Research Report No 89 (1994)

ISBN 1 872414 33 8


Title page of report 89

The 1980s saw a number of major field events in Anglo-Saxon archaeology and the publication of accounts of work of national importance. These included the discovery of the middle Saxon settlement in London (Biddle 1984; Vince 1984) on the Strand, and in York at Fishergate (O'Connor, this volume). These were particularly significant in that they contradicted current views (Hodges 1982) on the status of documented major Saxon centres and supported the authority of the early sources such as Bede. Major rural settlements were excavated at West Heslerton, found at Flixborough, and published from West Stow.

Perhaps one of the most important aspects of these excavations for environmental archaeology was that they took place during a period of increasing awareness of the archaeological potential of environmental studies, yet at a time when they had moved sufficiently far to have established a reasonable level of field practice. The results are that these and more recent projects such as Flixborough have generated environmental data of considerable research potential. The decade has also seen a major change in the thrust of Anglo-Saxon archaeology from settlement patterns and religious houses (Wilson 1976), to social and economic studies, politics and international trade networks.

It seemed appropriate to gather together some of these contributions and more recent as yet unpublished work into a review of our knowledge. The papers that follow are clearly not comprehensive but most authors have responded positively to a request to consider their work within the framework of the period.


  • Title Pages
  • List of figures (pp ii-iii)
  • List of tables (p iii)
  • List of contributors (p iv)
  • Acknowledgements (p iv)
  • Preface (p v)
  • French and German summaries (pp v-vi)
  • Environment and commodity in Anglo-Saxon England (pp 1-6), by Martin O H Carver
  • Trees and woodland in Anglo-Saxon England: the documentary evidence (pp 7-11), by Oliver Rackham
  • Trees and woodland in the Saxon period : the dendrochronological evidence (pp 12-22), by Ian Tyers, Jennifer Hillam, and Cathy Groves
  • The Anglo-Saxon landscape and rural economy : some results from sites in East Anglia and Essex (pp 23-39), by Peter Murphy
  • Animal exploitation in East Anglian villages (pp 40-54), by Pam J Crabtree
  • Charred cereals from some ovens/kilns in late Saxon Stafford and the botanical evidence for the pre-burh economy (pp 55-64), by Lisa Moffett
  • The preliminary archaeobotanical results from Anglo-Saxon West Cotton and Raunds (pp 65-82), by Gill Campbell
  • Cereals and plant foods : a re-assessment of the Saxon economic evidence, from Wessex (pp 83-88), by Francis J Green
  • A preliminary view of the insect assemblages from the early Christian rath site at Deer Park Farms, Northern Ireland (pp 89-107), by Harry K Kenward and Enid P Allison
  • Saxon urban economies : an archaeological perspective (pp 108-119), by Alan Vince
  • The animal provisioning of Saxon Southampton (pp 120-125), by Jennifer Bourdillon
  • Economy and environment in Saxon London (pp 126-135), by James Rackham
  • 8th-11th century economy and environment in York (pp 136-147), by Terence O'Connor
  • Index (pp 148-151), compiled by Peter Rea

Download report

Environment and economy in Anglo-Saxon England: A review of recent work on the environmental archaeology of rural and urban Anglo-Saxon settlements in England: Proceedings of a conference held at the Museum of London, 9-10 April, 1990 (CBA Research Report 89) PDF 2 Mb