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Environment and economy in Anglo-Saxon England: A review of recent work on the environmental archaeology of rural and urban Anglo-Saxon settlements in England: Proceedings of a conference held at the Museum of London, 9-10 April, 1990

James Rackham (Editor)

CBA Research Report No 89 (1994)

ISBN 1 872414 33 8


Abstract

Title page of report 89

The 1980s saw a number of major field events in Anglo-Saxon archaeology and the publication of accounts of work of national importance. These included the discovery of the middle Saxon settlement in London (Biddle 1984; Vince 1984) on the Strand, and in York at Fishergate (O'Connor, this volume). These were particularly significant in that they contradicted current views (Hodges 1982) on the status of documented major Saxon centres and supported the authority of the early sources such as Bede. Major rural settlements were excavated at West Heslerton, found at Flixborough, and published from West Stow.

Perhaps one of the most important aspects of these excavations for environmental archaeology was that they took place during a period of increasing awareness of the archaeological potential of environmental studies, yet at a time when they had moved sufficiently far to have established a reasonable level of field practice. The results are that these and more recent projects such as Flixborough have generated environmental data of considerable research potential. The decade has also seen a major change in the thrust of Anglo-Saxon archaeology from settlement patterns and religious houses (Wilson 1976), to social and economic studies, politics and international trade networks.

It seemed appropriate to gather together some of these contributions and more recent as yet unpublished work into a review of our knowledge. The papers that follow are clearly not comprehensive but most authors have responded positively to a request to consider their work within the framework of the period.

Contents

  • Title Pages
  • List of figures (pp ii-iii)
  • List of tables (p iii)
  • List of contributors (p iv)
  • Acknowledgements (p iv)
  • Preface (p v)
  • French and German summaries (pp v-vi)
  • Environment and commodity in Anglo-Saxon England (pp 1-6), by Martin O H Carver
  • Trees and woodland in Anglo-Saxon England: the documentary evidence (pp 7-11), by Oliver Rackham
  • Trees and woodland in the Saxon period : the dendrochronological evidence (pp 12-22), by Ian Tyers, Jennifer Hillam, and Cathy Groves
  • The Anglo-Saxon landscape and rural economy : some results from sites in East Anglia and Essex (pp 23-39), by Peter Murphy
  • Animal exploitation in East Anglian villages (pp 40-54), by Pam J Crabtree
  • Charred cereals from some ovens/kilns in late Saxon Stafford and the botanical evidence for the pre-burh economy (pp 55-64), by Lisa Moffett
  • The preliminary archaeobotanical results from Anglo-Saxon West Cotton and Raunds (pp 65-82), by Gill Campbell
  • Cereals and plant foods : a re-assessment of the Saxon economic evidence, from Wessex (pp 83-88), by Francis J Green
  • A preliminary view of the insect assemblages from the early Christian rath site at Deer Park Farms, Northern Ireland (pp 89-107), by Harry K Kenward and Enid P Allison
  • Saxon urban economies : an archaeological perspective (pp 108-119), by Alan Vince
  • The animal provisioning of Saxon Southampton (pp 120-125), by Jennifer Bourdillon
  • Economy and environment in Saxon London (pp 126-135), by James Rackham
  • 8th-11th century economy and environment in York (pp 136-147), by Terence O'Connor
  • Index (pp 148-151), compiled by Peter Rea

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Environment and economy in Anglo-Saxon England: A review of recent work on the environmental archaeology of rural and urban Anglo-Saxon settlements in England: Proceedings of a conference held at the Museum of London, 9-10 April, 1990 (CBA Research Report 89) PDF 2 Mb