Channel Tunnel Rail Link Section 1

Stuart Foreman, 2004 (updated 2009)

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Stuart Foreman
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Oxford Archaeology (South)
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Stuart Foreman (2009) Channel Tunnel Rail Link Section 1 [data-set]. York: Archaeology Data Service [distributor] https://doi.org/10.5284/1000230

Mersham, Kent - Integrated Site Report

Summary

Mersham.

As part of an extensive programme of archaeological investigation carried out in advance of the construction of the Channel Tunnel Rail Link (CTRL), Canterbury Archaeological Trust was commissioned to undertake a detailed archaeological excavation on land situated to the south of the church of St John the Baptist, in Mersham, Kent (OS NGR 605946 138812). The excavation was carried out between December 1998 and January 1999, under the project management of Rail Link Engineering, on behalf of Union Railways (South) Limited (a subsidiary of London and Continental Railways).

Limited evidence for late Anglo-Saxon settlement activity was indicated by five refuse pits and a shallow gully. Both smelting and smithing evidence were associated with this phase in the form of large quantity of metallurgical debris found in the largest pit.

The medieval period (AD 1050-1250) represented the main phase of occupation of the site with an intensification of both domestic and industrial activity. Domestic features included one possible timber built structure and some probably associated cess and rubbish pits containing domestic refuse. Industrial features included a consecutive sequence of drainage ditches feeding a small pond and refuse pits containing quantities of metallurgical waste. The activities identified in the late Saxon and early medieval periods had largely ceased by the middle of the 12th century.

A new field system was established in the late medieval period and only agricultural related features were found from this phase onwards. It is likely that the focus for domestic/industrial activity moved elsewhere in the late medieval and post-medieval periods.

The fieldwork events incorporated in this report are:

  • Mersham (ARC MSH98) - Excavation

Other material from the programme linked to this report.


Phase 2

Specialist Research Reports

Below is a list of specialist research reports which refer to this site.

Later Prehistoric Pottery Ceramics
Post Roman Pottery Ceramics
Small Finds Small Finds
Charred Plant Remains Environmental
Fauna Environmental
Standing Building Survey

Below is a list of standing building surveys which are associated with this site.

Bridge House, Mersham, Kent Standing Building Survey
Integrated Site Report

The integrated site report and data for this site can be found on the downloads page.


Phase 1

Evaluation and Interim Excavation Data

Below is a list of other evaluation and interim excavation data from sites and field work events associated with this report.

Mersham (ARC MSH95) Geophysical Survey
Mersham (ARC MSH97) Evaluation
Mersham (ARC MSH98) Excavation
East of Mersham (ARC MSHE95) Geophysical Survey
East of Mersham (ARC EMM98) Evaluation
West of Mersham (ARC MSW97) Evaluation