Excavations at Bartholomew Street East, Exeter 1980-81 (Exeter site archive 73)

Exeter City Council, Cotswold Archaeology, 2015

Data copyright © Exeter City Council unless otherwise stated


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https://doi.org/10.5284/1035210
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Exeter City Council, Cotswold Archaeology (2015) Excavations at Bartholomew Street East, Exeter 1980-81 (Exeter site archive 73) [data-set]. York: Archaeology Data Service [distributor] https://doi.org/10.5284/1035210

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Introduction

Excavations at Bartholomew Street East, Exeter 1980-81 (Exeter site archive 73)

From March 1980 to the end of January 1981, Exeter Museums Archaeological Field Unit undertook excavation in the grounds of numbers 34-38 Bartholomew Street East and within numbers 21-22 Mary Arches street in advance of the refurbishment of the existing buildings and the construction of new houses.

The main area of excavation was undertaken in the grounds of 35 and 36 Bartholomew Street East (SX 9172 9253). This was later extended to the south-east into the grounds of 37 and 38 Bartholomew Street East. Two trenches were also excavated, these being in 21 and 22 Mary Arches Street.

Remains of the post-medieval, medieval and Roman periods were identified. For the Roman period, both civil and military remains were recorded. The military remains for the most part consisted of traces of timber buildings constructed by the post-trench method. These were first encountered in the north-east part of the site at about 34.4 metres above Ordnance Datum.

Five buildings within the praetentura of the legionary fortress were identified, three of which were clearly barracks. These buildings were dated to the Roman military period which, at Exeter was c AD 55/60 - c AD 75/80.