Excavations at Friernhay Street, Exeter 1981 (Exeter archive site 75)

Exeter City Council, Cotswold Archaeology, 2015

Data copyright © Exeter City Council unless otherwise stated


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Exeter City Council, Cotswold Archaeology (2015) Excavations at Friernhay Street, Exeter 1981 (Exeter archive site 75) [data-set]. York: Archaeology Data Service [distributor] https://doi.org/10.5284/1035212

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Introduction

Excavations at Friernhay Street, Exeter 1981 (Exeter archive site 75)

From January to June 1981, the Exeter Museums Archaeological Field Unit undertook an excavation on a plot of land adjacent to an angle in Friernhay Street on its south-western side. The site was formerly occupied by Wheatons' printing works and was later acquired for housing.

The site was situated off Friernhay Street at SX 9172 9244 and straddled an area of the defences of the former Roman legionary fortress at Exeter.

Excavation was by the open-area method with accompanying sections to recover details of the stratigraphy. The main area of the site was approximately 35 metres north-west/south-east by 22 metres north-east/south-west. The site was crossed by many modern service trenches, particularly in the south-eastern part of the site.

Remains of the post-medieval, medieval and Roman civil periods were recorded overlying the deposits of the Roman military period which, at Exeter, is dated from c AD 55/60 to c AD 75/80.

A long stretch, some 55 metres, of the south-western defences of the legionary fortress was investigated including a 35-metre stretch of the rampart. The two successive defensive ditches of the fortress were also observed at various points forward of the rampart along a length of 48 metres.