Lutterworth Swinford Road, south of Lutterworth, Leicestershire. Archaeological Evaluation (OASIS ID: oxfordar1-295740)

Oxford Archaeology (South), 2018

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https://doi.org/10.5284/1049643
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Oxford Archaeology (South) (2018) Lutterworth Swinford Road, south of Lutterworth, Leicestershire. Archaeological Evaluation (OASIS ID: oxfordar1-295740) [data-set]. York: Archaeology Data Service [distributor] https://doi.org/10.5284/1049643

Introduction

Lutterworth Swinford Road, south of Lutterworth, Leicestershire. Archaeological Evaluation (OASIS ID: oxfordar1-295740)

Oxford Archaeology undertook an archaeological trial trench evaluation on land to the east of Swinford Road, south of Lutterworth, Leicestershire between 5th-16th December 2016. The evaluation was preceded by a magnetometer geophysical survey that provided clear evidence for archaeological activity across the southern and western part of the site. The trial trench evaluation was targeted to specifically investigate the geophysical survey results and to establish the presence/absence of remains across the northern part of the site. A total of 19 trenches were excavated, confirming the presence of a large, single-phase, rectangular enclosure measuring approximately 112m by 70m occupying the former high ground across the southern part of the site. Pottery assemblages recovered from the ditch securely date this to the late 2nd century AD. A series of ditches, gullies and pits were investigated within the enclosure area, although these lacked artefact assemblages. A clear association between the enclosure and other features was not established, although the propensity of these to be within the enclosure and the absence of similar features beyond suggests a link. Some ferrous metalworking activity (smithing) was undertaken at the site as evidenced by hammerscale and burnt clay fragments recorded in Trench 3.

The topographical levels across the northern part of the site bordered by the M1 Junction 20 slip road and the A4303 had been substantially raised during the 20th century. Here made ground soil depths of up to 2m were recorded, probably related to the M1 construction, although the deposition of these had not been preceded by truncation. Archaeological features across the northern part of the site were limited to more sparsely arranged linear features that are likely to represent field boundaries peripheral to settlement activities.