The Rural Settlement of Roman Britain: an online resource

Martyn Allen, Nathan Blick, Tom Brindle, Tim Evans, Michael Fulford, Neil Holbrook, Lisa Lodwick, Julian D Richards, Alex Smith, 2015 (updated 2018)

Data copyright © University of Reading unless otherwise stated


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Primary contact

Prof Michael Fulford
Professor of Archaeology
School of Archaeology, Geography and Environmental Science
University of Reading
Whiteknights
PO Box 218
Reading
RG6 6AA
England
Tel: 0118 3788048

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Resource identifiers

Digital Object Identifiers

Digital Object Identifiers (DOIs) are persistent identifiers which can be used to consistently and accurately reference digital objects and/or content. The DOIs provide a way for the ADS resources to be cited in a similar fashion to traditional scholarly materials. More information on DOIs at the ADS can be found on our help page.

Citing this DOI

The updated Crossref DOI Display guidelines recommend that DOIs should be displayed in the following format:

https://doi.org/10.5284/1030449
Sample Citation for this DOI

Martyn Allen, Nathan Blick, Tom Brindle, Tim Evans, Michael Fulford, Neil Holbrook, Lisa Lodwick, Julian D Richards, Alex Smith (2018) The Rural Settlement of Roman Britain: an online resource [data-set]. York: Archaeology Data Service [distributor] https://doi.org/10.5284/1030449

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Using the interactive Map:

The Web mapping application is based on the project dataset, for which a number of criteria for inclusion have been used (see the Overview page for details). These are presented against a small number of base maps to provide context. These inlcude the Digital Atlas of the Roman Empire created by Johan Åhlfeldt. Users should be aware that this map has not been created by the Roman Rural Settlement project, and is used here (under a CC BY_SA licence) to provide a thematic backdrop. As such, the project is not responsible for any classifications or omissions within that particular layer.

In addition, as a synthesis of the excavated evidence this resource does not intend to be an exhaustive or authoratative record of all Roman evidence from England and Wales. Users wishing to conduct their own work or research are recommended to consult the relevant Historic Environment Record (HER), of which the following resources and lists for England and Wales are available.

The Web Mapping application has been designed to present some of the facets of the project dataset in a spatial setting and within their wider thematic setting. The following layers, created by the project, are provided:

  • All sites = all 3652 sites from England + Wales
  • Farms = all records classified as farms
  • Farms: complex = all farms that could be classified as 'complex'
  • Farms: enclosed = all farms that could be classified as 'enclosed'
  • Farms: unenclosed = all farms that could be classified as 'unenclosed'
  • Field system = all records classified as containing a field system
  • Roadside settlement = all records classified as a roadside settlement
  • Funerary site = all records classified as a funerary site
  • Romano-Celtic temple = all records classified as a temple
  • Shrine = all records classified as a shrine
  • Iron production site = all records classified as an iron production site
  • Other industry site = all records classified as having recorded evidence of other industries such as textile production
  • Pottery production site = all records classified as a pottery production site
  • Salt production site = all records classified as a salt production site
  • Tile production site = all records classified as a tile production site
  • Vicus = all records classified as a vicus
  • Village = all records classified as a village
  • Samian = all records with samian pottery recorded
  • Amphora = all records with amphora pottery recorded
  • Mortaria = all records with mortaria pottery recorded
  • Coins = all records with coins recorded, displayed as a proportional symbol
  • Brooches = all records with brooches recorded, displayed as a proportional symbol
  • Inhumations = all records with inhumation burials recorded, displayed as a proportional symbol
  • Burials with coffins = all records with inhumation burials and evidence of coffin furniture
  • Decapitation burials = all records with inhumation burials and evidence of decapitation
  • Flexed burials = all records with inhumation burials and a flexed burial rite
  • Prone burials = all records with inhumation burials and a prone burial rite
  • Burials with grave goods = all records with inhumation burials and grave goods
  • Cremations = all records with cremation burials recorded, displayed as a proportional symbol
  • Urned cremations = all records with cremation burials recorded and evidence of urned cremation
  • Plant remains = all records with plant remains recorded
  • Animal bones = all records with animal remains recorded

For more information on the classifications used by the project, please consult the metadata that accompanies the original data.

In addition, two layers have also been included to provide context, but do not derive from data collected by the Roman Rural Settlement project. They are instead incorporated within this map (with original sources cited where necessary) to provide a very broad impression of the surrounding landscape. For those users wishing to produce their own maps, it is recommended that you contact either the relevant HER or National Heritage body for authoratative and up-to-date sources of information.

  • Roman Roads - a file derived from a number of sources (listed below) in an attempt to provide a broad impression of the known Roman road network. This layer should not be interpreted as an authoratative resource, and should be considered as an illustrative resource only.
    • The Historic England National Inventory
    • Clwyd-Powys Archaeological Trust
    • Dyfed Archaeological Trust
    • Glamorgan-Gwent Archaeological Trust
    • Gwynedd Archaeological Trust
  • Events recording Roman archaeology (1990-2004) - Data from the Assessing the Research Potential of Grey literature in the Study of Roman England project (doi:10.5284/1000418), previoulsy archived by the ADS.

Click on the link below to launch the map:

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