The Social Context of Technology: non-ferrous metalworking in later prehistoric Britain and Ireland

Sophia Adams, Joanna Bruck, Leo Webley, 2017

Data copyright © Sophia Adams, Leo Webley, Dr Joanna Bruck unless otherwise stated

Leverhulme Trust logo

Primary contact

Sophia Adams
University of Bristol
Senate House
Tyndall Avenue

Send e-mail enquiry

Resource identifiers

Digital Object Identifiers

Digital Object Identifiers (DOIs) are persistent identifiers which can be used to consistently and accurately reference digital objects and/or content. The DOIs provide a way for the ADS resources to be cited in a similar fashion to traditional scholarly materials. More information on DOIs at the ADS can be found on our help page.

Citing this DOI

The updated Crossref DOI Display guidelines recommend that DOIs should be displayed in the following format:
Sample Citation for this DOI

Sophia Adams, Joanna Bruck, Leo Webley (2017) The Social Context of Technology: non-ferrous metalworking in later prehistoric Britain and Ireland [data-set]. York: Archaeology Data Service [distributor]

University of Bristol logo


The Social Context of Technology: non-ferrous metalworking in later prehistoric Britain and Ireland

Database generated by the Leverhulme Trust funded research project at the University of Bristol investigating excavated evidence for later prehistoric non-ferrous metalworking.

The data from excavated sites was used to explore how the social context and significance of non-ferrous metalworking varied regionally and developed over time from c.2500 BC to AD 50 (Chalcolithic, Bronze Age and Iron Age) in Britain and Ireland.

The database is a record of the excavated archaeological sites where evidence for non-ferrous metalworking has been identified. This consists of three spreadsheets:

  1. The sites, location and brief description
  2. The relevant finds from those sites
  3. The published and unpublished references for those sites

These spreadsheets are derived from a relational database whereby each site is identified by a randomly generated number. Readers are encouraged to use the database as a guide to the evidence from each site and an overview of the contemporary sites. These should be explored in tandem with more detailed information included in the relevant references and discussion of the interpretation of this evidence in the project monograph (which will be published by the Prehistoric Society in due course). It should also be noted that some sites originally thought to have contained relevant evidence were discounted where there was no positive connection with specifically non-ferrous metalworking. Hoards of metalworking debris were also excluded but are discussed in the relevant part of the publication. Excavated sites with possible metalworking tools are included but these are indicated by '(tools only)' in the site type description owing to issues over identifying the specific use of the tools.

The compilers, Sophia Adams and Leo Webley, extend their sincere thanks to all those who provided information for this database (details can be found in the project monograph).

Database periods:

  • C: Chalcolithic (c.2500 - 2200 BC)
  • EBA: Early Bronze Age (c.2200 - 1500 BC)
  • MBA: Middle Bronze Age (c.1500 - 1100 BC)
  • LBA: Late Bronze Age (c.1100 - 800 BC)
  • EtIA: Earliest Iron Age (c.800 - 600 BC)
  • EIA: Early Iron Age (c.600 - 400 BC)
  • LrIA: Later Iron Age (c.400 BC - AD 50)
  • MIA: Middle Iron Age (c.400 - 150 BC)
  • LIA: Late Iron Age (c.150 BC - AD 50)
  • RB: Romano-British (mid first century AD +)
  • ERB: Early Romano-British (first century AD)