Cruck database

Vernacular Architecture Group, 2003 (updated 2015)

Data copyright © Vernacular Architecture Group unless otherwise stated


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https://doi.org/10.5284/1031497
Sample Citation for this DOI

Vernacular Architecture Group (2015) Cruck database [data-set]. York: Archaeology Data Service [distributor] https://doi.org/10.5284/1031497

Query

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LOCATION
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DESCRIPTION
List of Codes

Codes for Cruck Apex

  • *: No ridge piece present [not systematically recorded]
  • A: Blades hardly meet and are not jointed at the apex, being held together by the collar
  • B: Blades meet on a vertical line, with a collar below the apex
  • C: Blades held by a saddle or yoke carrying only a ridge-piece (usually but not necessarily square-set)
  • D: Blades cross
  • E: Blades jointed together diagonally
  • F1: Blades held by a saddle (sometimes very low) carrying a short king-post possibly with braces
  • F2: Blades held by a saddle (sometimes very low) carrying two rafters
  • F3: Blades held by a saddle (sometimes very low) carrying two rafters meeting on a king post (on saddle)
  • G: Blades meet on a king-post rising from a collar (or yoke)
  • H: Blades held by a yoke rising to clasp the ridge-piece(usually square-set) with gap between blades
  • K: Blades pass collar and engage outer sides of curved rafters ('two-tier cruck')
  • L1: Blades beld together by triangular block just under apex - hardly meet above block
  • L2: Blades beld together by triangular block just under apex - meet on vertical line below ridge (cf. B)
  • L3: Blades beld together by triangular block just under apex - meet on diagonal line below ridge (cf. E)
  • M: Blades meet on vertical line below threaded ridge, diagonal line above
  • V: Half-hipped or full-hipped cruck in an end wall
  • W: Blades truncated above collar, passing the collar but with no upper structure (contrast F)
  • W1: Blades truncated above collar, passing the collar which carries a short king-post (contrast F1)
List of Codes

Codes for Cruck blade

  • *: Arch-braced roof - coded with * in this field
  • C: Smooth single curve
  • D: Double or multiple curve
  • E: Elbowed
  • S: Straight
  • T: Straight above smoothly curving lower part
List of Codes

Codes for non-cruck roof trusses

  • *: Arch-braced truss
  • B: Base-cruck (true or jointed cruck main entry)
  • C: True cruck (jointed cruck main entry)
  • E: End cruck
  • F: End jointed cruck
  • J: Jointed cruck (true cruck main entry)
  • P: [timber-framed] with collar and principal rafters
  • Q: mass wall including posts with collar (no tie beam)[not used]
  • T: [timber-framed] with tie-beam and principal rafters
  • U: Upper cruck (true or jointed cruck main entry)[code as wall+posts with tie-beam superseded]
  • V: [mass wall] with tie-beam and principal rafters
  • W: [mass wall] with collar and principal rafters
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