The Deanery, Chapel Road, Southampton (OASIS ID wessexar1-92410)

Wessex Archaeology, 2011

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Wessex Archaeology (2011) The Deanery, Chapel Road, Southampton (OASIS ID wessexar1-92410) [data-set]. York: Archaeology Data Service [distributor]

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Detail of Moulded Stone in-situ in wall 226

The site lies within the south-west of the known extent of the nationally important mid-Saxon settlement of Hamwic. The natural Brickearth sub-strata was cut by a number of pit like features; only two of these were sample excavated and very little dating evidence was recovered. However, both sample excavated features displayed a degree of regularity that suggested that they were shallow pits and were very similar in form to the Mid Saxon pits excavated during earlier work on the Site. These features were sealed below a subsoil layer of dark yellowish brown silty sand loam with common gravel and sparse charcoal inclusions. This subsoil may have been formed by arable cultivation following the depopulation of Hamwic, when the area reverted primarily to agriculture. In the north-west of the site the subsoil was cut by two wall footings, of probable postmedieval date that may represent the remains of a building depicted on a late 18th century map, or possibly some sort of wall, vaguely depicted on a map of c. 1600. In all three trenches, the subsoil was overlain by a mid-dark greyish brown silty loam with common gravel and charcoal and sparse brick fragment inclusions, thought to represent a possible post-medieval buried soil. This was in turn cut by probable 19th century building remains and probably associated features in the north of the site that were sealed below the modern overburden.