Duffy, P. R J., (2005). The excavation of a mound and three cist burials at Ferndall, Rendall, Orkney. In: n.e., The excavation of a mound and three cist burials at Ferndall, Rendall, Orkney. Edinburgh: Society of Antiquaries of Scotland.

Title
Title
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Title:
The excavation of a mound and three cist burials at Ferndall, Rendall, Orkney
Issue
Issue
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Issue:
The excavation of a mound and three cist burials at Ferndall, Rendall, Orkney
Series
Series
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Series:
Scottish Archaeological Internet Reports
Volume
Volume
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Volume:
16
Pages
Pages
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Number of Pages:
24
Downloads
Downloads
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Downloads:
sair16.pdf (1 MB) : Download
DOI
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DOI
Publication Type
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Publication Type:
MonographSeriesChapter
Abstract
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Abstract:
As part of the Historic Scotland Human Remains Call Off Contract, an archaeological excavation was undertaken of an artificial mound and associated cists containing human remains of mid-Bronze Age date, at Ferndale, Rendall, Orkney. The excavation identified the presence of two cists containing cremation burials (cist 004 and 010), and a third that contained a poorly preserved inhumation (cist 003). Cists 004 and 010 would appear to be related to an artificially created mound, and parallel a number of similar `barrow' sites from Orkney. Cist 003 contained an inhumation and was of differing construction. it would appear to relate to a different phase and tradition of cist burials. Analysis of skeletal material from cist 004 identified the remains of an older adult male, a female of between 18 and 30 years of age and an infant of 15 months. The adult male was found to have suffered from a bone infection of the femur and showed evidence of poor dental health. The female had suffered from iron deficiency anaemia. The preservation of skeletal material from cists 010 and 003 allowed the identification of a single adult inhumation of unknown age and sex from each cist. The individuals from cists 004 and 010 had been cremated shortly after death, and analysis of associated soil residues suggests that their remains were subsequently picked from the pyre and washed. Radiocarbon dates from the cremated remains from cists 004 and 010 place the use of these two cists and construction of the associated mound in the first quarter of the second millennium BC. These dates are comparable to other dated cist burials in artificial mounds from Orkney, although it would appear to be one of the earlier sites in the currently available list of dates. A date could not be obtained for the poorly preserved inhumation from cist 003. Includes
Author
Author
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Author:
Paul R J Duffy
Year of Publication
Year of Publication
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Year of Publication:
2005
ISBN
ISBN
International Standard Book Number
ISBN:
0-903903-85-7
Locations
Locations
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Subjects / Periods:
Temporal - Auto Detected: Second Millennium Bc
Subject - Auto Detected: Inhumation Cist
Bronze Age
Subject - Auto Detected: Cists
Subject - Auto Detected: Mound
Subject - Auto Detected: Cremation Burials Cist
Subject - Auto Detected: Bone
Subject - Auto Detected: Skeletal Material
Subject - Auto Detected: Barrow
Subject - Auto Detected: Excavation
Subject - Auto Detected: Inhumation
Subject - Auto Detected: Cist
Subject - Auto Detected: Human Remains
Subject - Auto Detected: Cist Burials
Figure/Plate/Table/Ref
Figure/Plate/Table/Ref
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Figure/Plate/Table/Ref:
Figure:    Plate:    Table:    Ref:
Note
Note
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Note:
[OS HY 3836 2035]
Source
Source
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Source:
DigitalBorn
Created Date
Created Date
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Created Date:
04 Jan 2009