Gilbert, J. M., (2016). Woodland management in medieval Scotland. Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland 146. Vol 146, pp. 215-252.

Title
Title
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Title:
Woodland management in medieval Scotland
Issue
Issue
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Issue:
Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland 146
Series
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Series:
Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland
Volume
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Volume:
146
Pages
Pages
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Page Start/End:
215 - 252
Downloads
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Downloads:
11PSAS146215_252.pdf (9 MB) : Download
DOI
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DOI
https://doi.org/10.9750/PSAS.146.1210
Publication Type
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Publication Type:
Journal
Abstract
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Abstract:
This article will examine the evidence for woodland management in Scotland from the 12th to the 16th centuries and will try to draw some overall conclusions about that management and how effective it was. Although there are difficulties in using medieval documentary evidence in terms of its Latin and Scots vocabulary, it does show that woodland was being managed throughout this period by enclosing woods, excluding animals and allowing time for regrowth – in other words, by coppicing and possibly, in some instances, by coppicing on a formal rota. Pollarding, shredding and growing coppice with standards may also have taken place. Examples of woodland management will be looked at in more detail in Darnaway and Campsie Forests. Despite this management, there is no doubt that a shortage of timber did develop in Scotland in areas of heavy use, especially from the 14th century onwards. What appears to have happened was that the majority of users of the woods were the lord’s tenants and men. Their requirements were not for large timbers but for small trees and underwood. Consequently, in many places where underwood survived it was cut before it could grow into timber and, despite efforts in the 15th century by lords, parliament and the king, young wood continued to be cut at the expense of future supplies of timber.
Author
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Author:
John M Gilbert
Year of Publication
Year of Publication
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Year of Publication:
2016
Locations
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Locations:
Site: Campsie Forest
Place: Campsie
County: East Dunbartonshire
Country: Scotland
Country: UK
Site: Darnaway Forest
Place: Forres
County: Moray
Grid Reference: 261266, 679408 (Easting, Northing)
Grid Reference: 299772, 852745 (Easting, Northing)
Locations
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Subjects / Periods:
Monus: Managed woodland
Monus: coppice
Find: timber
Monus: wood
Medieval
Figure/Plate/Table/Ref
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Source
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Source:
ADS Archive
Related resources
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Relations:
URL: http://www.socantscot.org/publications/psas/
Created Date
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Created Date:
23 Nov 2017
 Location