Perring, D., Roskams, S., Barker, M., Craddock, G., Grew, F., Hillam, J., Smith, D. N., Allen, P. and Norton, J., (1991). The archaeology of Roman London, volume 2: early development of Roman London west of the Walbrook.

Title
Title
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Title:
The archaeology of Roman London, volume 2: early development of Roman London west of the Walbrook
Series
Series
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Series:
Council for British Archaeology Research Reports
Volume
Volume
Volume number and part
Volume:
70
Downloads
Downloads
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Downloads:
cba_rr_070.pdf (18 MB) : Download
DOI
DOI
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DOI
Publication Type
Publication Type
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Publication Type:
Monograph (in Series)
Abstract
Abstract
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Abstract:
A report concerning buildings and occupation evidence in the area from the first two centuries AD, written in five sections beginning with an Introduction (1--2). Section two provides synopses of six excavations from 1972--1980 in The sites: archaeological sequence and summaries (3--66) dealing firstly with a report on the earliest evidence from AD50 at `Newgate Street (GPO 75)' by S P Roskams (3--26). `Watling Court, 39--53 Cannon Street, 11--14 Bow Lane (WAT 78)' by D Perring (26--44), along with `1--6 Milk Street (MLK 76), 7--10 Milk Street (MIL 72)' by S P Roskams with P Allen (44--51), `Well Court, 44--48 Bow Lane (WEL 79)' by P Allen with D Perring (51--7), and `24--25 Ironmonger Lane (IRO 80)' by J Norton (57--63), provide evidence of building activity during the earlier Flavian period, a destruction layer attesting to the Hadrianic fire, and second century AD rebuilding. Specialist notes also cover `Dating evidence and finds' by F Grew (63--4), `Tree-ring analysis of Roman timbers from Watling Court' by J Hillam (64) and `The dark earth' by S P Roskams (64--5). Part three looks at The buildings by D Perring (67--107). Aspects considered include construction and appearance and how locally available materials influenced these factors. Brickearth, clay and oak were used for most structural purposes; stone was first used in quantity in period IV foundations at Watling Court (c AD 80--125). Tegulae and imbrices were used in walls but apparently not for roofs, and it is thought that buildings were laid out to prepared plans and that detailed property records were kept. There are reports on: `Building materials' (67--8); `Preparation for construction' (68--71); `Walls' (71--84); `Wall finishing' (84--7); `Fencing and scaffolding' (87--8); `Floors and mosaics' (includes `The mosaic at Milk Street' by D J Smith (94)) (88--94); `Roofing' (94--5); `Internal appointments' (95--9); `Organisation within the insulae: property boundaries and services' (99--101); `Building design and use' (101--6); and `The context and development of building traditions in Early Roman London' (106--7). Section four deals with The topographical and functional characteristics of the settlement west of the Walbrook, by S P Roskams with P Allen (108--18), which was planned around an east-west axial street. Changes at either end of this alignment suggest the original limits of occupation and imply that a large settlement was intended from the start. This is supported by the distribution of early burials. Sections include `The limits of the settlement' (108--12), `The street system' (112--17) and `Exploitation of raw materials' (117--18). It is argued that the development of London was at no stage haphazard or uncontrolled. It was laid out before the Boudiccan rebellion and became built up during the Flavian period. Occupation continued even after the densely settled town was destroyed in the Hadrianic fire but all areas show signs of decay by the end of the second century AD. The last part, Conclusions by S P Roskams (119--21), sums up the evidence on London's origins, the Hadrianic fire, late second century AD decline, and priorities for future research. There is also an `Appendix: Level III reports' (122). Au(adp)
Author
Author
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Author:
Dominic Perring
Steven Roskams
Marie Barker
Gill Craddock
Francis Grew
Jennifer Hillam
David N Smith
Patrick Allen
Jennifer Norton
Year of Publication
Year of Publication
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Year of Publication:
1991
ISBN
ISBN
International Standard Book Number
ISBN:
0 906780 92 6
Locations
Locations
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Locations:
Location - Auto Detected: Milk Street
Location - Auto Detected: Cannon Street 1114 Bow Lane
Location - Auto Detected: Bow Lane
Location - Auto Detected: Watling Court
Location - Auto Detected: Newgate Street
Location - Auto Detected: London
Locations
Locations
Any locations covered by the publication or report. This is not the place the book or report was published.
Subjects / Periods:
Temporal - Auto Detected: Flavian
Roman
Temporal - Auto Detected: Second Century Ad
Temporal - Auto Detected: Late Second Century Ad
Roman
Note
Note
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Note:
Date Of Issue From: 1991
Source
Source
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Source:
The British Archaeological Bibliography (BAB)
Related resources
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Relations:
URL: http://new.archaeologyuk.org/full-list-of-publications
Created Date
Created Date
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Created Date:
21 Jan 2002