Wickenden, N. P., (1992). The temple and other sites in the north-eastern sector of Caesaromagus.

Title
Title
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Title:
The temple and other sites in the north-eastern sector of Caesaromagus
Series
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Series:
Council for British Archaeology Research Reports
Volume
Volume
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Volume:
75
Downloads
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Downloads:
cba_rr_075.pdf (12 MB) : Download
DOI
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DOI
Publication Type
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Publication Type:
Monograph (in Series)
Abstract
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Abstract:
Reports on sites in the north-eastern sector of Roman Chelmsford, which together form a coherent group. The excavated sites either lie between or include two parallel metalled roads running eastwards from the main London-Colchester road. All lie outside the earthen defences of the town, constructed c AD 160--175 and levelled c AD 200--220. Within the area bounded by the two roads (? an insula), the main area, Site K, contained a fourth century octagonal masonry Romano-Celtic temple, though its walls had been almost wholly robbed in the sub-Roman and medieval periods. The site appears to have had religious significance from the first century AD, and part of a building with masonry foundations has been interpreted as a first century temple. This building lay within an enclosure defined by ditches and many brooches and other copper alloy objects were associated. A subsequent building of Hadrianic date must have occupied the northern frontage of the southern road, and provides a date for its construction. The site appears to have been deserted from the fifth century until the thirteenth, when there was a possible dyer's establishment on Site K. The Late Roman and post-Roman subsoils were badly truncated by flooding soon after the mid thirteenth century which deposited a deep alluvial silt. By the end of the sixteenth century, the area was under cultivation. Includes reports on `The Roman coins' by Richard Reece (65--9) with a `Summary' by R Reece, N Wickenden & R Kenyon (69--71), `Silver buckle' by V I Evison (71), `The brooches' by S A Butcher (71--3), `Objects of copper alloy' (73--80) incorporating `Metal analyses' by Paul Wilthew (73), `The metalworking debris' by J G McDonnell (82), `The Roman pottery' (92--115) including `The samian' by W J Rodwell (92--3), `The other pottery' by C J Going (93--115) and `The faunal remains' by R M Luff (116--24). Au(adp)
Author
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Author:
N P Wickenden
Year of Publication
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Year of Publication:
1992
ISBN
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ISBN:
1 872414 06 0
Locations
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Locations:
Location - Auto Detected: Chelmsford
Locations
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Subjects / Periods:
Temporal - Auto Detected: First Century Ad
Roman
Temporal - Auto Detected: Mid Thirteenth Century
Roman
Temporal - Auto Detected: Fifth Century
Temporal - Auto Detected: Thirteenth
Temporal - Auto Detected: Sixteenth Century
Temporal - Auto Detected: Ad 160175
Medieval
Note
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Note:
Date Of Issue From: 1992
Source
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Source:
The British Archaeological Bibliography (BAB)
Related resources
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Relations:
URL: http://new.archaeologyuk.org/full-list-of-publications
Created Date
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Created Date:
21 Jan 2002