Rippon, S. J., (1996). The Gwent Levels: the evolution of a wetland landscape.

Title
Title
The title of the publication or report
Title:
The Gwent Levels: the evolution of a wetland landscape
Series
Series
The series the publication or report is included in
Series:
Council for British Archaeology Research Reports
Volume
Volume
Volume number and part
Volume:
105
Pages
Pages
The number of pages in the publication or report
Number of Pages:
149
Downloads
Downloads
Any files associated with the publication or report that can be downloaded from the ADS
Downloads:
RR105.pdf (24 MB) : Download
DOI
DOI
The DOI (digital object identifier) for the publication or report.
DOI
Publication Type
Publication Type
The type of publication - report, monograph, journal article or chapter from a book
Publication Type:
Monograph (in Series)
Abstract
Abstract
The abstract describing the content of the publication or report
Abstract:
The results of research carried out as part of the `Gwent Levels Historic Landscape Study' funded by Cadw and the Countryside Council for Wales. This detailed examination is of the historic landscape of an area of reclaimed coastal alluvium on the northern side of the Severn Estuary in southern Wales, between Cardiff and Chepstow and south of Newport. The two largest Levels are Wentlooge and Caldicot. The first chapter presents a description of the area, including soils, relief, drainage, and methods of reclamation, followed by an introduction to the study methods. Chapter 2 describes the creation of the Levels, with the evidence from the Palaeolithic to the Iron Age, while the following chapter outlines the evidence for Roman occupation on the Caldicot Level and a field drainage system on the Wentlooge Level. Evidence for the post-Roman landscape is scarce, with possibly a period of flooding. Recolonisation only occurred after the Norman Conquest, when the present historic landscape came into being, and the next chapter describes the types of historic landscapes in the Levels, with planned or irregular fields. Types of settlements and buildings are also documented, along with the type of agriculture practised and the administration of the drainage system. Chapter 5 examines socio-political changes affecting the Levels in the eleventh and twelfth centuries, and then discusses the emergence of the present landscape through reclamation. Detailed examples of reclamation and recolonisation are presented, along with the development of the settlement pattern in the medieval period and the emergence of the town and port of Magor. Chapter 6 analyses the decline from the late medieval period, including climatic deterioration and flooding. The early post-medieval period saw a trend towards pastoralism, which survives today. Chapter 7 shows how the twentieth century has seen an unparalleled degree of destruction, and conclusions are given in the final chapter.
Author
Author
The authors of this publication or report
Author:
Stephen J Rippon
Year of Publication
Year of Publication
The year the book, article or report was published
Year of Publication:
1996
ISBN
ISBN
International Standard Book Number
ISBN:
187241463X
Locations
Locations
Any locations covered by the publication or report. This is not the place the book or report was published.
Locations:
Location - Auto Detected: Wentlooge
Location - Auto Detected: Newport
Location - Auto Detected: Cardiff
Location - Auto Detected: Caldicot Level
Locations
Locations
Any locations covered by the publication or report. This is not the place the book or report was published.
Subjects / Periods:
20th Century
Palaeolithic
Medieval
Roman
Iron Age
Early Medieval
Medieval
Note
Note
Extra information on the publication or report.
Note:
Date Of Issue From: 1996
Source
Source
Where the record has come from or which dataset it was orginally included in.
Source:
The British Archaeological Bibliography (BAB)
Related resources
Related resources
Other resources which are relevant to this publication or report
Relations:
URL: http://new.archaeologyuk.org/full-list-of-publications
Created Date
Created Date
The date the record of the pubication was first entered
Created Date:
21 Jan 2002