Oetgen, J. M., Pixley, J., Preece, T. and Shotlif, D., (2002). Castle Mill Airfield, Bedford: archaeological evaluation: trial trenching. Bedford: Albion Archaeology.

Title
Title
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Title:
Castle Mill Airfield, Bedford: archaeological evaluation: trial trenching
Series
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Series:
Albion Archaeology unpublished report series
Downloads
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Downloads:
albionar1-6012_1.pdf (3 MB) : Download
DOI
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DOI
https://doi.org/10.5284/1003548
Publication Type
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Publication Type:
Report (in Series)
Abstract
Abstract
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Abstract:
The Study Area is located in an area of permanent grassland, which straddles the River Great Ouse floodplain and the adjacent gravel terrace. An earli erdesk-based assessment identified a number of archaeological sites in the area, ranging from prehistoric to post-medieval in date, and the Study Area lies adjacent to a scheduled ancient monument. In order to assess the archaeological impact of the proposed development a tiered scheme of archaeological research has been undertaken to determine the location, extent and nature of any archaeological features and assess their integrity and state of preservation. The stages comprised: a review of air photograph evidence (undertaken in September 2001); geophysical survey (undertaken in September 2001); trial excavation (undertaken in February 2002). The evaluation identified three distinct and significant phases of former land use: the northern edges of a small Neolithic/Bronze Age barrow cemetery; Early/Middle Iron Age occupation on a low gravel terrace at the north-western end of the Study Area; and Late Iron Age/Romano-British settlement on a higher terrace to the south-east, which is the continuation of a site excavated in 2000. The archaeological remains were well preserved, with waterlogged conditions conducive to the preservation of organic remains and environmental evidence. Significant palaeotopographical evidence was also recorded, in the form of an apparently complex series of palaeochannels and extensive areas of alluvium. Some of the alluvial deposits are likely to pre-date the Early Iron Age.
Author
Author
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Author:
J M Oetgen
J Pixley
Tracy Preece
D Shotlif
Publisher
Publisher
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Publisher:
Albion Archaeology
Other Person/Org
Other Person/Org
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Other Person/Org:
Historic England (OASIS Reviewer)
Bedford Borough HER (OASIS Reviewer)
Year of Publication
Year of Publication
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Year of Publication:
2002
Locations
Locations
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Locations:
Site: Castle Mill Airfields
Parish: WILLINGTON
District: BEDFORD
County: BEDFORDSHIRE
Country: England
Grid Reference: 509200, 250700 (Easting, Northing)
Locations
Locations
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Subjects / Periods:
Find: Animal Bone Iron Age
Find: Animal Bone Roman
Find: Cbm Roman
Find: Fired Clay Middle Iron Age
Find: Fuel Ash Roman
Find: Post Middle Iron Age
Find: Pottery Late Iron Age
Find: Pottery Middle Iron Age
Find: Pottery Roman
Monus: Barrow Early Bronze Age
Monus: Ditches Middle Iron Age
Monus: Ditches Roman
Monus: Ditches Uncertain
Monus: Pit Alignment Uncertain
Monus: Pits Middle Iron Age
Monus: Pits Uncertain
Monus: Pond Uncertain
Monus: Postholes Middle Iron Age
Monus: Ring Ditch Early Bronze Age
Identifiers
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Identifiers:
OASIS Id: albionar1-6012
OBIB: 2002-28
Note
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Note:
A4 client report
Source
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Source:
OASIS
Related resources
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Created Date
Created Date
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Created Date:
23 Nov 2016
 Location