Jones, E., (2007). St. Patrick’s Church, Cowgate, Edinburgh Results of an Archaeological Excavation. Headland Archaeology Ltd.

Title
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Title:
St. Patrick’s Church, Cowgate, Edinburgh Results of an Archaeological Excavation
Series
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Series:
Headland Archaeology Ltd unpublished report series
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Downloads:
headland1-33082_1.pdf (76 MB) : Download
DOI
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DOI
https://doi.org/10.5284/1006087
Publication Type
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Publication Type:
Report (in Series)
Abstract
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Abstract:
Excavations were undertaken at St Patrick's Church, Cowgate, Edinburgh in advance of the construction of a hotel on the site of the former bowling green. The site lies within the historic core of medieval Edinburgh, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Previous evaluation at the site established that medieval archaeological deposits survived up to a depth of 2.5m below the modern ground surface (Collard 1992; Rees, Martin and Inglis 2000).Beneath a series of 19th century walls excavations revealed up to 1.5m of reworked midden deposits, which had been washed down from the High Street and accumulated at the base of the slope on the Cowgate. A series of timber stakes had been driven through these deposits at varying depths. The stakes appear to have been used to provide stable footings for buildings and some of them correspond to the layout of buildings visible on the first edition Ordnance Survey map (1849). Cut through the lower levels of midden was a substantial ditch running from east to west, terminating just before the western edge of the site. This had been hastily backfilled before being re-cut on at least one occasion. It appears to represent the town ditch, previously identified in excavations to the west of the site.To the north of the ditch in the centre of the site was part of a sunken barrel, which appeared to have served as a sump. This was very well preserved with wooden barrel hoops and withies surviving.
Author
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Author:
E Jones
Publisher
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Publisher:
Headland Archaeology Ltd
Other Person/Org
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Other Person/Org:
Historic Scotland (OASIS Reviewer)
City of Edinburgh Archaeology Service (OASIS Reviewer)
Year of Publication
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Year of Publication:
2007
Locations
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Locations:
Site: St Patrick's Church, Cowgate
Parish: EDINBURGH
County: EDINBURGH, CITY OF
Country: Scotland
Grid Reference: 326120, 673550 (Easting, Northing)
Locations
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Subjects / Periods:
Find: Barrel Medieval
Find: Comb Medieval
Find: Pot Medieval
Monus: Buildings Post Medieval
Monus: Midden Deposits Medieval
Identifiers
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Identifiers:
OASIS Id: headland1-33082
Note
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Grey literature
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OASIS
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Created Date
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Created Date:
23 Nov 2016
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