Belford, P., (2011). Stirchley Furnaces, Telford Town Park: Archaeological Investigations. Telford: Nexus Heritage.

Title
Title
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Title:
Stirchley Furnaces, Telford Town Park: Archaeological Investigations
Series
Series
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Series:
Nexus Heritage unpublished report series
Downloads
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Downloads:
nexusher1-111365_1.pdf (5 MB) : Download
DOI
DOI
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DOI
https://doi.org/10.5284/1017852
Publication Type
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Publication Type:
Report (in Series)
Abstract
Abstract
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Abstract:
Nexus Heritage was commissioned by Telford and Wrekin Council to undertake a programme of archaeological excavation, historic building recording and landscape survey at the Stirchley furnaces site in Telford Town Park (NGR SJ 700 075). This work was partly undertaken by community volunteers.Substantially well-preserved remains of two of the original blast furnaces survived. These had been built by the Botfield concern in the 1820s and remained in use until the 1880s; they were then adapted as part of the Wrekin Chemical Works, which used the site into the twentieth century. The surviving blast furnaces stand up to 6.5m above the original ground surface, although partly buried and collapsed. Surviving features include blowing and casting arches, furnace stacks, passageways, flues and associated structures. The furnaces are tentatively associated with Thomas Botfield's hot blast patent of 1828, which pre-dates Nielsen's patent. The Stirchley furnaces were also unusual in being associated with a refinery. An increase in ground levels around the furnaces and elsewhere on site during the twentieth century has resulted in good preservation. The furnaces stand within a wider complex with good potential for archaeological survival of other remains, including stratigraphically-intact deposits of metallurgical debris. The site is of high local and regional significance, and of considerable archaeometallurgical interest. It represents a rare archaeological survival of a complete hot blast complex of the early nineteenth century. If the tentative association with the Botfield patent can be confirmed, then the site will be of national significance. Further research and investigation has been recommended.
Author
Author
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Author:
P Belford
Publisher
Publisher
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Publisher:
Nexus Heritage
Other Person/Org
Other Person/Org
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Other Person/Org:
Historic England (OASIS Reviewer)
Shropshire HER (OASIS Reviewer)
Year of Publication
Year of Publication
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Year of Publication:
2011
Locations
Locations
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Locations:
Site: Stirchley Furnaces (aka Stirchley Chimney)
Parish: HOLLINSWOOD AND RANDLAY
District: TELFORD AND WREKIN
County: SHROPSHIRE
Country: England
Location - Auto Detected: Telford
Location - Auto Detected: Botfield
Location - Auto Detected: Stirchley
Grid Reference: 370000, 307500 (Easting, Northing)
Locations
Locations
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Subjects / Periods:
Find: N/A Uncertain
Monus: Blast Furnace Post Medieval
Monus: Blowing House Post Medieval
Monus: Boiler House Post Medieval
Monus: Casting House Post Medieval
Monus: Charging Ramp Post Medieval
Monus: Chemical Works Post Medieval
Monus: Chimney Post Medieval
Monus: Iron Works Post Medieval
Monus: Ore Store Post Medieval
Monus: Steam Engine House Post Medieval
Temporal - Auto Detected: Early Nineteenth Century
20th Century
Identifiers
Identifiers
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Identifiers:
OASIS Id: nexusher1-111365
OBIB: Nexus Heritage report 3072.R01
Note
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Note:
A4, full colour. Includes project description, methodology, archive research, results of fieldwork and discussion. Drawings and photographs. 57 + v pages, plus drawings.
Source
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Source:
OASIS
Related resources
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Created Date
Created Date
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Created Date:
25 Nov 2016
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