Stevenson, A., (2016). HCP144, Apartment 39 Railings Conservation Project - An Archaeological Evaluation. London: Historic Royal Palaces.

Title
Title
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Title:
HCP144, Apartment 39 Railings Conservation Project - An Archaeological Evaluation
Series
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Series:
Historic Royal Palaces unpublished report series
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Downloads:
historic9-251981_3.pdf (1 MB) : Download
DOI
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DOI
https://doi.org/10.5284/1040237
Publication Type
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Publication Type:
Report (in Series)
Abstract
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Abstract:
A programme of archaeological investigation was carried out within the Apartment 39 gardens located on the South Wing, West Front of Hampton Court Palace in advance of a railings conservation project and the reconfiguration of the garden. A total of 7 trenches were hand excavated. The trenches located along the West Front revealed both the Portland stone baluster plinths and the brick foundation of the first phase of the 18th century railings. However, some of the plinths were composed of Derbyshire Fossil Limestone suggesting later repairs and replacement. The existing railing plinth and foundation extend 19.5m to the west before being truncated at the point where the structure curves towards the south, and where the second phase of railings intervenes. The second phase of railings is composed of a simple cross rail supporting a line of pickets and a double-pronged upright driven into the ground at regular intervals, probably erected during the 1880's. A narrow north-west/south-east aligned trench-built brick wall was uncovered directly below the foundation of the first phase of the railings. Based on the general morphology of the bricks, which, was somewhat obscured, it could have been constructed as early as the 16th century and may be either the remains of a small temporary building constructed when the West Front was home to Wolsey's temporary workshops and storehouses, or it may represent the evidence of the earlier crenelated wall that appears to surround the West Front in the Stoop drawing of 1662. In front of the west-facing elevation of apartment 39 the presence of demolition rubble used as levelling material was revealed as well as a small section of stone paving pre-dating the current pathway.
Author
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Author:
A Stevenson
Publisher
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Publisher:
Historic Royal Palaces
Other Person/Org
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Other Person/Org:
Historic England (OASIS Reviewer)
Year of Publication
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Year of Publication:
2016
Locations
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Locations:
Site: Apartment 39, Hampton Court Palace
Parish: RICHMOND UPON THAMES
District: RICHMOND UPON THAMES
County: GREATER LONDON
Country: England
Location - Auto Detected: Portland
Location - Auto Detected: West Front
Grid Reference: 515615, 168452 (Easting, Northing)
Grid Reference: 515587, 168456 (Easting, Northing)
Grid Reference: 515593, 168428 (Easting, Northing)
Locations
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Subjects / Periods:
Find: Cbm Post Medieval
Find: Pottery 20th Century
Monus: Railings Post Medieval
Temporal - Auto Detected: 18th Century
Temporal - Auto Detected: 16th Century
Identifiers
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Identifiers:
OASIS Id: historic9-251981
Note
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Note:
Digital and paper A4
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Source:
OASIS
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Created Date
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Created Date:
28 Nov 2016
 Location