n.a., (1942). Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland 77. Edinburgh: Society of Antiquaries of Scotland. https://doi.org/10.5284/1000184.

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Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland 77
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Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland
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Society of Antiquaries of Scotland
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Date Of Issue From: 1942 Date Of Issue To: 01
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05 Dec 2008
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1 - 4
V G Childe
5 - 17
The great storms of 1940 blew the sand from the wall-tops of another complex of structures at Freswick. Excavation exposed a single complex of buildings, obviously\r\nrepresenting more than one architectural period. The earliest phase of the complex is represented by a "long house" the centre of which was occupied by a long fire represented by a bed of peat ash. The house was subsequently added to with other rooms. Three phases of construction were identified. Bone and stone whorls, loomweights, a net sinker, a bone pin, part of a rotary quern, a gaming piece and some pottery were recovered.
Walter G Grant
David Wilson
V G Childe
17 - 26
Excavations conducted in 1936 resulted in the discovery of a chamber possessing unique features at the east end of the mound, of indications of a northern horn at this end, and in the definition of the revetment wall of the mound and horns along the south side. The chamber is of exceptional height and has three compartments. A polished celt and two pottery sherds were recovered.
J M Davidson
26 - 30
A flat slab lying on top of a short cist was found to be carved. it was not the original capstone. On one face are incised five symbols lightly scribed, the markings\r\nbeing not more than mere scorings, which might have been engraved by the rounded point of a small nail. At the top of the stone is a crescent symbol with downward horns. The central portion has a geometrical design of curved lines, which is balanced on each side by another pattern of spirals. There is also a v-rod, a crescent, an elephant, a mirror and a comb.
V G Childe
Angus Graham
31 - 49
The prehistoric monuments include three unpublished chambered cairns, the fine megalithic cist at Hailie, Largs, a pair of standing stones at Kames, Cowel which look like the portal stones of a chamber, six round cairns, domestic structures (an earth-house, hut circles and enclosures) of uncertain age, two newly discovered vitrified forts, two brochs and a number of duns or forts. The medieval remains include four motes, earthworks at Buzzart Dykes, a large medieval hut circle and 'Wallace's Stone'. The latter is decorated by a pecked cross of the Maltese type.
Robert Kerr
49 - 146
A catalogue of more than thirteen hundred is presented. Only those tokens which are of special rarity or interest have been illustrated. The transition from the eighteenth to the nineteenth century produced no immediate change in the form, material, or design of the communion token. Some congregations, refusing to be influenced by changes in fashion, deliberately retained early shapes and styles down to the twentieth century. As the nineteenth century went on, however, the tendency, already noticeable at the close of the previous century, away from earlier simplicity and irregularity towards elaboration and mechanical exactitude of design,\r\nbecame more and more marked. The crude productions of country craftsmen were despised as inelegant, and, with the improvement in communications and the increasing mechanisation of industry, it became easier and cheaper to order quantities of tokens from city die-sinkers than to have them made locally. The results were the loss of a great deal of the individuality and variety which make the older tokens so attractive, and, by the middle of the century, a widespread limitation in design to standardised commercial types.
Angus Graham
147 - 154
The seventeenth-century ceiling is now threatened by damage from the weather and has prompted a full description. The scheme of the decoration is built upon one large central panel and twenty-eight smaller ones of different sizes and shapes. The panels\r\nare set on highly ornate cartouches and are connected with one another by parti-coloured bands; some' contain heraldic achievements, monograms, etc., four depict the Evangelists, and the remainder are devoted to what seem to be biblical subjects, with texts in their margins.
Thomas Innes
154 - 173
A description of the long and picturesque roll of an early seventeenth-century Scottish funeral procession is presented. According to the backing the procession is that of the funeral of George, 1st Marquis of Huntly, June 1636. A brief history of the life of Huntly is included. However, there is not a single emblem which can be relied on conclusively identifying this roll with the funeral procession of either this or any other Marquis or Earl of Huntly, or indeed with anybody at all, a point which emphasises the historical importance of heraldry, and the unfortunate results of neglecting to depict it with at least a reasonable attempt at accuracy. It is argued that the heraldry is deliberately indefinite, has no reference to any particular person, family or funeral, and that the conventional order of funeral procession for a nobleman in Scotland, at or about the beginning of the seventeenth century is presented.
Alison N Young
A D Lacaille
F E Zeuner
174 - 184
A report on the excavation of a stone circle and a denuded cairn. One of the stones which formed part of the cairn had cup marks and burnt bone and charcoal were found in its centre. Very small fragments of burnt bone and charcoal were found within the circle.
V G Childe
184 - 187
The hoard consists of eight socketed axes, two leaf-shaped swords, seven spearheads, and a corrugated bronze tube. All the objects were covered with a beautiful patina, but they were deeply corroded and broken. It seems almost certain that all the objects, save perhaps the swords, were already damaged before their deposition in the earth; the hoard in fact belongs to the class, so common in the Late Bronze Age, known as founders' hoards. The axes are all of distinctly Irish type. The hoard represents the first accurately located Late Bronze Age objects, to be reported from the eastern shore of Loch Fyne.
Arthur J H Edwards
The cist consisted of rough stone slabs and contained a fine specimen of a beaker urn, but no skeletal remains.
Anne S Robertson
187 - 188
The arrowhead was discovered in 1899 among the roots of an upturned tree. It is shouldered but not barbed, and has a tang for insertion in a shaft. The shoulders are slightly rounded and form obtuse angles with the tang. The source of material is likely to be one of the groups of rhyolitic lavas in the Pentland Hills.
Workmen discovered under a cairn an ancient burial place, covered by a large flat stone. On removing this, they found articles including two bronze vessels, seventeen spear or axeheads of bronze, thirty to forty bronze bracelets and six bronze rings. The whole of these interesting relics are in admirable preservation, and are evidently of Roman manufacture, and so belong, at the latest, to the middle of the fourth century.
V G Childe
189 - 191
The capstone of a small cist was discovered during ploughing. The vessel within was protected by a cist of slabs, built apparently after the urn was set in place rather in the manner of a house of cards. The substructure of the cist was an irregular pentagon formed of five principal slabs. The urn contained the burnt bones of an adolescent.
James Cruickshank
191 - 192
A hoard of about a hundred coins lying loose under one of the numerous small boulders was discovered on Brimmond Hill. Most of the coins belonged to the reign of King Charles I. The latest is dated 1632, which suggests that the find is associated with the "troubles" arising out of the Covenanting Wars during the years 1639-46. The coins show signs of considerable use and are largely made up of "Turners" of the time of Charles I. There are a few silver coins, also some of the reigns of Queen Elizabeth and Queen Mary, and a number of Dutch and German origin.
W D Simpson
192 - 194
The results of excavation are presented. The passage is cut into the steep slope on the north side of the castle, with which it has no direct communication, the upper end opening in a small triangular platform of ground between the edge of the slope, the north curtain wall and the north-east tower. Access to this platform was obtained from the castle by a postern, secured with a portcullis and covered by the tower.
195 - 198
198 - 199
201 - 209