G. J Barclay and A. Ritchie, eds., (2004). Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland 134. Edinburgh: Society of Antiquaries of Scotland.

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Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland 134
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Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland
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Gordon J Barclay
Anna Ritchie
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Society of Antiquaries of Scotland
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URL: http://ads.ahds.ac.uk/catalogue/library/psas/
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26 Sep 2005
Article Title Sort Order Both Arrows Access Type Author / Editor Page
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Elizabeth J E Pirie
1 - 2
Lisbeth M Thoms
7 - 15
Overview of the development of urban archaeology in Scotland from the early 1970s to 2004.
Tim Phillips
Richard Bradley
17 - 51
The paper, which is in two parts, presents firstly a digest of the prehistoric evidence recovered by developer-funded archaeology between 1990 and 2003, and compares it with the results of projects funded by Historic Scotland. The second part reflects on the wider significance of this material in relation to past and present research on Scottish prehistory and its implications for the archaeology of Britain and Ireland.
I A Simpson
Steven J Dockrill
Erika B A Guttmann
53 - 64
A Neolithic agricultural soil, a Late Bronze Age to Early Iron Age soil and a range of midden deposits were analysed from the multi-period settlement sites of Tofts Ness, Sanday, Orkney and Old Scatness, Shetland. The analysis was undertaken in order to compare the midden material which had accumulated within the settlement to the cultural material in the arable fields. The comparison was undertaken in order to determine whether manuring was practices in the Neolithic and, if so, to identify which material were selected as fertilizers. Thin section micromorphology, phosphate analysis, particle size distribution and loss on ignition were used to identify and characterize the materials which were added to the soil. The results indicate that in the Neolithic period at Tofts Ness the middens themselves were cultivated, although midden material was also added as fertilizer to the fields around the site. The cultivation of midden heaps in the Neolithic may have been a common practice and is evidence for intensive arable agriculture on a small scale. The cultivation of a Late Bronze Age to Early Iron Age midden at Old Scatness, Shetland suggests continuity of the practice. Parallels are drawn with other Neolithic, Bronze Age and Iron Age sites.
D D A Simpson
Richard A Gregory
Eileen M Murphy
65 - 118
Kaimes Hill, City of Edinburgh, has been the focus for both antiquarian and modern archaeological research since at least the mid-nineteenth century and has produced evidence for activity dating from the Mesolithic through to the medieval period. The paper assimilates this evidence, provides a complete account of the excavations undertaken over the ramparts, `hut circles', prehistoric ritual and funerary monuments by D D A Simpson between 1964--72, and presents the results obtained from recent artefactual analysis and radiocarbon dating. Specialist reports include: History of investigation; The results of the 1964--72 excavations; Cup-and-ring marked stones; Radiocarbon dates; Prehistoric pottery; Lithics; Coarse stone artefacts; Worked bone; Roman coin; Miscellaneous small finds; Animal bone; Cremated human bone; Site discussion.
Mike R McCarthy
119 - 129
Rerigonium, a place-name in Ptolemy's Geography, is thought to have been located in the Rhinns of Galloway, but its site has never been identified. There is a strong circumstantial case for regarding the Innernessan area on the eastern site of Loch Ryan as being the likely locus of Rerigonium. It is contended that the name, in both the British and Old Welsh forms, indicates an important function perhaps in the pre-Roman Iron Age in connection with the Novantae, as well as the obscure post-Roman entity known as Rheged.
Murray Cook
131 - 160
Excavations across the complex of cropmarks at Inveresk, Musselburgh, East Lothian, revealed a palimpsest of features ranging in date from the late Mesolithic to the early historic period. The bulk of the features uncovered were previously known from cropmark evidence and are connected with either the extensive field system associated with the Antonine Fort at Inveresk or the series of Roman marching camps to the southwest of the field system. The excavation has identified a scattering of prehistoric activity, as well as Roman settlement within the field system, together with dating evidence for one of the marching camps and structures reusing dressed Roman stone. Specialist reports include: Roman pottery; Architectural stone; Metalwork.
John Linge
161 - 171
The author, a former archaeology surveyor with the Ordnance Survey, describes the recent history of OS involvement with the Antonine Wall, culminating in the far-reaching 1980 Survey which was finally completed before the disbandment of OS archaeological services in 1983, and suggests a lack of awareness, or understanding, among many archaeologists of the legacy that OS provided.
Gifford Charles-Edwards
173 - 181
The article examines the small `Lapis Echodi' chi-rho cross-slab from Iona in relation to the non-calligraphic mixed-alphabet group identified by V E Nash Williams among inscriptions of AD 400--600. Comparisons are made between epigraphic and scribal letterforms, with analytical diagrams based on surviving manuscript pen-forms.
Martin O H Carver
Cecily Spall
183 - 200
A number of associated features and artefacts in the workshops at Portmahomack (Ross-shire) can be related to the preservation and finishing of hides, and it is argued that this included the preparation of parchment for the production of manuscripts. The archaeological correlates of making parchment and methods for distinguishing it from other types of leather-working are discussed.
James A Graham-Campbell
201 - 239
The paper expands on the Rhind Lectures for 1995--6, on `Death and wealth in Viking Scotland', surveying the development of knowledge and understanding of Scandinavian settlement in Scotland, from an archaeological perspective, down to the opening years of the twentieth century. Particular attention is given to the publications by J J A Worsaae and Daniel Wilson in the mid-nineteenth century, given their impetus towards the replacement of `antiquarian speculation' by `scientific archaeology' in Scotland. The latter part of the paper is devoted to a description and discussion of the contribution made by Joseph Anderson to Scottish Viking studies during the second half of the nineteenth century.
Nicholas M McQ Holmes
241 - 280
Single finds of coins minted between the twelfth century and 1603 are analysed, and the evidence compared with that provided by hoards and documents, in an attempt to determine which coins were being used for which purposes at various times. Lists of coin finds are appended for a number of important sites not included in the regular surveys published in this journal, and the possible significance of these larger accumulations is discussed. Includes Appendix: major finds assemblages.
Russel J Coleman
281 - 323
Burgage plots, typically narrow strips of land with a house near the street frontage, are one of the most striking features of the medieval townscape. Archaeological excavations in Scottish burghs over the last twenty-five years have recovered considerable evidence concerning their nature, development and function, and the paper aims to provide an overview of the archaeological evidence for this feature of Scottish burghs. Includes a specialist reports on: The environmental evidence; Appendix: excavated sites where burgage plots have been identified.
Russel J Coleman
325 - 370
The report describes the results of three archaeological excavations which took place within the medieval burgh of Dumbarton, two by Eric Talbot between 1971 and 1972 on the High Street and at College Street and the third, on the High Street, by SUAT in 1997. Evidence of medieval activity, including metal working, was found on burgage plots in the High Street. A large pottery assemblage provided an opportunity to investigate medieval trends in a west coast burgh. Glass waste at College Street may have originated from the site of the late-eighteenth- to nineteenth-century Dumbarton Glassworks. Specialist reports include: Pottery from 94--102 High Street; Other artefacts from 94--102 High Street; The animal bone from 94--102 High Street; The industrial soils from 94--102 High Street; Excavations at 101--3 High Street, 1972; Pottery from 75 College Street and 101--3 High Street; Other artefacts from 101--3 High Street and 75 College Street; Animal bone from 101--3 High Street and 75 College Street; Discussion: the artefact and pottery assemblages from Dumbarton.
John Gooder
371 - 401
Excavation of a medieval cemetery associated with Newbattle Abbey at Newbattle Abbey College Annexe, near Dalkeith, Midlothian, involved the removal of 127 inhumations and a large quantity of charnel. Evidence of medieval metalworking activity pre-dating an area of part of the cemetery was also uncovered. Nine stone-capped graves were discovered to the west of the abbey church. To the east-northeast of the abbey church the remains of a stone-built building, possibly part of an infirmary, were unearthed. Specialist reports include: Human bone; Pottery; Building materials; Metal & slag.
Mary Markus
403 - 421
The church of St Bride's, Douglas, contains a series of tombs and memorials to members of the Douglas family. Three of these, dating from the second quarter of the fourteenth century to the mid-fifteenth century, take the form of recesses, and are set within the north and south walls of the choir. The architecture of the earliest of these shows an awareness of the work of late-thirteenth/early-fourteenth-century English court masons, while the canopies of the other two are more closely related to major Scottish building campaigns, notably at Melrose and possibly at Lincluden. The scope of the sources for all three tombs is a reflection of the status of their patrons, and the high quality of the effigies emphasises their high social standing.
Moira K Greig
423 - 456
Report of an excavation carried out at the Castle of Drum in 1991 to investigate the possibility of uncovering evidence of the life of the great tower prior to the seventeenth century, and to try to date the structure. Excavation was restricted to the upper Laird's Hall and to part of the cellar. Although few datable artefacts were recovered, organic remains from floor deposits survived. The stone base of a screen was uncovered at the eastern end of the hall, along with post-holes and a post rest in the northeast corner, in the area where the stairs to the upper floor had stood. A small wooden musical instrument was recovered from the cellar. Specialist reports include: The pottery; Wooden artefact; The metal small finds; The coins; The textiles; Leather; Clay pipes; Animal bone report; Organic remains: introduction; Organic remains: the insect remains; Organic remains: the feather remains; Analysis of the mortars and a floor sample; Dating evidence for Drum Castle.
Nicholas Q Bogdan
Penelope Z Dransart
457 - 470
Report on an interdisciplinary project combining art history, archaeology and the historical anthropology of religion, and consisting of a study based on the material culture of recusancy from the mansion and medieval bishop's palace at Fetternear, Aberdeenshire. After the Reformation, the property became the main seat of the Leslies of Balquhain, a recusant family. A stone plaque bearing the inscription HIS MRA, probably dating from 1691, placed on the fa├žade of the mansion indicates the religious allegiance of the family. The study of the contents of the mansion is based on surviving material culture associated with Fetternear and documentary sources, and shows that the Leslies of Balquhain were building up the necessary intellectual and material resources for sustaining Roman Catholic worship and that their property served as the headquarters of the Jesuit mission in Scotland in the late-seventeenth century.
R Ian McCallum
471 - 490
Nigel D Melton
491 - 497
The paper identifies and describes a building at Brough Head, Eastshore, Dunrossness, Shetland and suggests that it is likely to be a seventeenth-century Scottish merchants' booth. Documentary evidence for the activities of Scottish merchants at Eastshore in the seventeenth century is outlined in order to present a context for the possible identification of the building.
Beatrice Teissier
499 - 556
The paper is intended to show how Asian material and its display influenced perceptions of Asia, and vice versa, and to what degree involvement in Asia was considered to be a part of Scots' self-perception in the late-eighteenth century.
David B Smith
557 - 562
Description of two curling stones made as presentations to individuals who had fostered the game of curling during the mid-nineteenth century.
Gordon J Barclay
563 - 574
Separately authored summaries of lectures given to or sponsored by the Society of Antiquaries for Scotland, including: Ritual and relics in Early Bronze Age Britain; The recumbent stone circles of north-east Scotland: recent fieldwork by RCAHMS; 'The collection was, indeed, a curious one': Sir Walter Scott, Abbotsford and the National Muse...; From Aberdeen to the Alps: the story of the Amesbury Archer; An architectural approach to 'standing archaeology'; Faience in Bronze Age Britain and Ireland: scotching a myth; Shetland, steatite and trade in the Norse North Atlantic: 800-1400.
575 - 591
593 - 607