n.a., (2008). Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland 138. Edinburgh: Society of Antiquaries of Scotland.

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Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland 138
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Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland
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URL: http://www.socantscot.org/publications.asp
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01 Jul 2010
Article Title Sort Order Both Arrows Access Type Author / Editor Page
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Ian Campbell
1 - 5
John J Ó Néill
7 - 12
Suggests that the late-eighteenth to early-nineteenth century antiquarian General Alexander Campbell of Monzie, might have acquired the group of gold objects now held by the National Museum of Scotland and purporting to come from the Monzie Estate in Ireland. Suggests that it is possible that a larger quantity of Irish material was moved to collections in Scotland than is generally assumed.
M Graeme Cavers
13 - 26
A discussion of the range and nature of the evidence for Iron Age society in Dumfries and Galloway west of the Nith, considering affinities with other areas, particularly the Atlantic regions to the north, and exploring the reasons for the form and distribution of Iron Age monuments in the area. It is argued that a reanalysis of our definition and interpretation of fundamental characteristics of later prehistoric society, such as domestic monumentality, may be rewarding in heterogeneous and unsorted areas such as Galloway.
Ian Armit
Ewan Campbell
Andrew J Dunwell
27 - 104
The promontory site was excavated between 1986 and 1990 as part of the Loch Olabhat Research Project. It was shown to be a complex enclosed settlement and industrial site with several distinct episodes of occupation. The earliest remains comprise a small Iron Age building dating to the middle centuries of the first millennium BC, which was modified on several occasions prior to its abandonment. Much later, the Early Historic remains comprise a small cellular building, latterly used as a small workshop within which fine bronze and silverwork was produced in the fifth to seventh centuries AD. Evidence of this activity is represented by quantities of mould and crucible fragments as well as tuyère and other industrial waste products. The site subsequently fell into decay for a second time prior to its medieval reoccupation probably in the fourteenth to sixteenth centuries AD.
78 - 82
92 - 93
93 - 94
95 - 97
Dawn McLaren
Fraser Hunter
105 - 128
Discusses such aspects of Scottish rotary quern use as handling systems (particularly horizontal slot-handled querns), decoration and an unrecognised class of miniature examples. The growing corpus of rotary querns is starting to reveal regional patternings and concentrations of particular decorative styles. This ongoing investigation is argued to suggest that the picture is more complex than previously understood.
123 - 125
David J Woolliscroft
129 - 176
Excavations revealed a number of features associated with a reasonably well preserved section of the Antonine Wall. These included a series of pits on the berm between the Wall and its ditch, parts of a temporary camp, a stone platform attached to the Wall rampart back and what may be a Roman watch tower in an ideal position to act as an observation post and a signalling link between the Wall forts of Westerwood and Castlecary.
168 - 169
169 - 175
Steffen Stummann Hansen
177 - 184
Note on a comb held in the collections of the National Museum of Denmark in Copenhagen, collected by the Danish governor in the Faroe Island, Christian Pløyen, when he visited Shetland in 1839.
Anna Ritchie
185 - 192
A fragment of carved stone found in March 2008 is considered likely to be part of a Pictish cross-slab of eighth- to tenth-century date. It bears a double disc and Z-rod within a frame and part of an interlace design, carved in incision and low relief. This is the fifth symbol-bearing monument known from Shetland and the only one to bear this particular symbol. Each disc is infilled with a cross of arcs, but it is uncertain whether this is purely decoration or whether it has Christian meaning.
James A Graham-Campbell
193 - 204
Paper in two parts; the first takes the form of addenda and corrigenda (mainly of an antiquarian nature) to the author's catalogue of Viking Age and Late Norse gold and silver from Scotland (Graham-Campbell 1995). The second part brings together (and catalogues) all the relevant finds that have either been discovered or newly recognised during the decade since its publication (to 2006).
John F Potter
205 - 222
The stonework at three well-known Scottish ecclesiastical buildings has been examined in detail. In each, the orientation of the bedding layers in individual stones in certain quoins and arch jambs, and in two instances the wall faces, indicate when these buildings were first erected. In England, the period of construction would have been described as Anglo-Saxon; in this paper the work is referred to as being of 'Patterned' style. On this evidence each building is ascribed to a particularly early origin.
Robin Tait
223 - 238
A comparison is reported of cartographic studies that have been made of the burgage plots in Edinburgh, Canongate, St Andrews and Perth. The results confirm and extend those of earlier studies of St Andrews and Perth. In particular, the presence of plots differing in width by quarter-widths is confirmed. The earlier reports of some plots not complying with this scheme are discussed, and it is demonstrated that the plot widths in the four burghs all do in fact conform. It is suggested that the plots were set out to these varying widths rather than the pattern resulting form later subdivision and amalgamation of plots of uniform width. Possible measurement units which may have been used in setting out the plots are discussed. A systematic pattern of the closes used to access the backlands is reported and it is suggested that a degree of central control is likely to have been exercised over their positioning.
Ronan Toolis
239 - 266
In early 2005 a particularly severe storm exposed human bones on the foreshore immediately east of the ruins of St Thomas' Kirk. The subsequent excavation recovered fourteen individual inhumations. The skeletons exhibited a relatively high number of pathological conditions and evidence of a diet that included fish, meat and dairy products. Isotopic analysis confirms that one of the individuals was from either the outer Hebrides or Northern Shetland while the rest originated from Orkney. The graves were arranged in distinct grave plots on a north/south aligned row, clustered particularly close to the east side of St Thomas' Kirk. Imported medieval pottery, of a type unknown in Orkney or indeed Scotland, was recovered from the graves.
243 - 252
252 - 255
255 - 259
Timothy G Holden
267 - 292
Brotchie's steading is a ruined croft house from which several large fragments of worked whale mandible were recently recovered. These were identified as having supported the roof of the building as a pair of cruck blades (a Highland couple).\r\n\r\nThe excavation programme was initially designed to further examine the role of whale bones as a construction material within the context of the Caithness croft house. Excavations in 2001 revealed a further element of in situ whale bone that enabled an informed reconstruction of the original structure. The investigations on site also identified at least 1.5m of stratigraphy exposed in the bank to the west of the site, indicating at least four phases of building beneath the ruined croft house. \r\n\r\nSubsequent trial trenching determined that the bank upon which Brotchie's steading now sits is largely man-made and part of an extensive settlement mound. The base of the sequence, in the southern part of the site, revealed what appears to have been an occupation surface, and material from this provided a date in the range 390-170BC. At the north end of the site a thick layer of stone rubble associated with a clay- and stone-lined pit and two red deer antler picks was identified. Radiocarbon determination of samples of antler and cow bone indicate further occupation of the site in the first-third centuries AD. The overlying strata supported by a sequence of radiocarbon dates and finds indicate that the site was also a focus of human activity in the fifth, thirteenth and fifteenth centuries AD up until the early twentieth century. While the full extent of the site is currently unknown, the possibility presents itself that the adjacent knoll, upon which Dunnet Kirk now sits, forms a part of a major archaeological site that has seen almost continuous, or at least regular, occupation for over two millennia.
278 - 279
280 - 283
283 - 287
George Thomson
293 - 308
Describes the nine Scottish plates so far found in Scotland (all but one in the far south of the country) together with details of the gravestones on which they are mounted. Special consideration is given to the lettering of the inscriptions as a possible indicator of their provenance. The reasons for the rarity of these artefacts in Scotland are discussed.
309 - 329
331 - 338
339 - 340