Luke, M., Beswick, I., Wells, J., Maltby, M. J M., Robinson, J. and Renshan, L., (2002). Marsh Leys Farm, Kempston, Bedfordshire: Assessment of potential and Updated Project Design. Bedford: Albion Archaeology.

Title
Title
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Title:
Marsh Leys Farm, Kempston, Bedfordshire: Assessment of potential and Updated Project Design
Series
Series
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Series:
Albion Archaeology unpublished report series
Pages
Pages
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Number of Pages:
142
Downloads
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Downloads:
albionar1-29591_1.pdf (22 MB) : Download
DOI
DOI
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DOI
https://doi.org/10.5284/1010488
Publication Type
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Publication Type:
Report (in Series)
Abstract
Abstract
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Abstract:
This report presented an assessment of archaeological investigations (both evaluation and the two areas of open area excavation) undertaken in advance of industrial development. Although the discovery of flint artefacts suggested limited earlier prehistoric activity, the first firm evidence of human activity came in the Early-Middle Iron Age. A ditched enclosure was dug possibly associated with the utilisation of the pastures along the Elstow Brook for animal grazing. Approximately 100 years before the Roman invasion of AD 43 two unenclosed farmsteads were established c.350m apart within the development area. Cremation burials were associated with both farmsteads and one may have contained a building which functioned as a shrine. During the first two centuries of the Roman period a regular layout of fields and enclosures, defined by ditches, was established centred on the original farmsteads. Although the two systems were similar they did not join and were clearly associated with different farmsteads. Within the smaller enclosure buildings, water pits/wells, pits and burials were identified. Several concentrations of domestic debris located within the enclosure system to the south west suggested that there may have been more than one family utilising this area. The animal bone recovered from the Roman deposits was mainly from cattle and sheep, which along with the charred spelt wheat suggested mixed agriculture was practised. This was supported by the recovery of quernstones, lead spindlewhorls/weights, a steelyard and a plough coulter. In addition there was evidence for ironworking although it was unclear if this was purely to meet the needs of the inhabitants of the farmsteads. The presence of a large number of quarry pits dug during the Roman period may have been associated or could have indicated a continual need to raise the level of the ground in certain areas (the area was very low-lying and had recently been subject to flooding). The most common evidence for everyday life was in the form of huge quantities of pottery, much locally produced but some imported from France. Metal objects of personal use included bronze coins, hairpins, bracelets and brooches. Despite these the farmsteads was classified as being of fairly low status. There was very little evidence for medieval and post-medieval activity. [Au(abr)]
Author
Author
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Author:
M Luke
I Beswick
Jackie Wells
Mark J M Maltby
John Robinson
L Renshan
Publisher
Publisher
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Publisher:
Albion Archaeology
Other Person/Org
Other Person/Org
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Other Person/Org:
Historic England (OASIS Reviewer)
Bedford Borough HER (OASIS Reviewer)
Year of Publication
Year of Publication
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Year of Publication:
2002
Locations
Locations
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Locations:
Site: Marsh Leys Farm
County: BEDFORDSHIRE
District: BEDFORD
Parish: KEMPSTON RURAL
Country: England
Location - Auto Detected: Elstow Brook
Grid Reference: 502630, 245700 (Easting, Northing)
Locations
Locations
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Subjects / Periods:
Find: ANIMAL BONE LATE IRON AGE
Find: ANIMAL BONE ROMAN
Find: CBM ROMAN
Find: COINS ROMAN
Find: FIRED CLAY ROMAN
Find: FURNACE LINING ROMAN
Find: GLASS BEAD ROMAN
Find: HOB NAILS ROMAN
Find: POTTERY LATE IRON AGE
Find: POTTERY ROMAN
Find: ROTARY QUERNS ROMAN
Find: SLAG ROMAN
Find: TIMBER NAILS ROMAN
Monus: CREMATION CEMETERY ROMAN
Monus: DITCHES ROMAN
Monus: ENCLOSURE MIDDLE IRON AGE
Monus: ENCLOSURE ROMAN
Monus: FARMSTEAD ROMAN
Monus: INHUMATION BURIAL ROMAN
Monus: PITS LATE IRON AGE
Monus: PITS ROMAN
Monus: POSTHOLES LATE IRON AGE
Monus: POSTHOLES ROMAN
Monus: ROUNDHOUSE LATE IRON AGE
Monus: TRACKWAY ROMAN
Monus: WATER PITS ROMAN
Monus: WELL ROMAN
Prehistoric
Roman
Temporal - Auto Detected: Earlymiddle Iron Age
Temporal - Auto Detected: Medieval
Identifiers
Identifiers
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Identifiers:
OASIS Id: albionar1-29591
OBIB: 2002/42
Figure/Plate/Table/Ref
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Figure/Plate/Table/Ref:
Figure:    Plate:    Table:    Ref:
Note
Note
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Note:
A4 comb bound report with cream coloured card covers Note from AIP record: Date Of Issue From: 2002 Date Of Coverage From: 01 Date Of Coverage To: 01 Editorial Expansion: Site name: MARSH LEYS FARM, KEMPSTON
Study area: 59ha
Investigation type: Post-determination/Research
District: Bedford
Monument: ENCLOSURE. Iron Age, [finds]. Prehistoric, FURROW. Medieval (1066-1540), FEATURE. Roman (AD43-410), FEATURE. Late Iron Age, PIT. Roman (AD43-410), ENCLOSURE. Roman (AD43-410), ANIMAL BURIAL. Roman (AD43-410), CREMATION. Late Iron Age, BOUNDARY DITCH. Roma
Ngr: TL02634570
Parish: Kempston
Postcode: MK439AA
Source
Source
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Source:
OASIS
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Created Date
Created Date
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Created Date:
30 Aug 2017
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