Belford, P., (1996). Archaeological Evaluation by Trial Trenching at Breck, Derbyshire. Interim Report-Phase I. Archaeological Research & Consultancy at the University of Sheffield.

Title
Title
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Title:
Archaeological Evaluation by Trial Trenching at Breck, Derbyshire. Interim Report-Phase I
Series
Series
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Series:
Archaeological Research and Consultancy at the University of Sheffield (ARCUS) unpublished report series
Pages
Pages
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Number of Pages:
62
Downloads
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Downloads:
GL2208_HERdoc280_Evaluation_by_trial_trenching_at_Breck.pdf (14 MB) : Download
DOI
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DOI
https://doi.org/10.5284/1023615
Publication Type
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Publication Type:
Report (in Series)
Abstract
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Abstract:
The first phase of an evaluation was carried out at a site proposed for opencast coal extraction. Previous aerial photographic and geophysical survey and a desk-based assessment of the area had revealed the presence of a number of features within the proposal site. These included the well-documented Roman Ryknield Street, two rectilinear enclosure cropmarks, possible ring ditches, field boundaries and evidence of past mining disturbance. During the evaluation, the Roman road was located and was found to have had two phases of construction. A large boundary ditch was recorded to the west of the road. A circular anomaly to the east was examined, and appeared to represent the remains of a cupola or bloomery furnace in which iron smelting had taken place. Ironstone outcrops were noted in two trenches, and it was clear from the evidence of nearby mining activity that ironworking would have taken place in this landscape. No datable artefacts were recovered during the evaluation, so that precise dating of the features found was not possible. It was concluded that the features were not worthy of preservation in situ, and that further work in this area could be limited to a watching brief during coal extraction. [Au(adp)]
Author
Author
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Author:
P Belford
Publisher
Publisher
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Publisher:
Archaeological Research & Consultancy at the University of Sheffield
Year of Publication
Year of Publication
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Year of Publication:
1996
Locations
Locations
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Locations:
Site: BRECK, CHESTERFIELD
County: DERBYSHIRE
District: CHESTERFIELD
Parish: STAVELEY
Country: England
Location - Auto Detected: Ryknield Street
Grid Reference: 442000, 377500 (Easting, Northing)
Locations
Locations
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Subjects / Periods:
Monus: BLOOMERY UNDATED
Monus: CUPOLA FURNACE UNDATED
Monus: ROAD ROMAN
Identifiers
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Identifiers:
OBIB: Report No. 237
Figure/Plate/Table/Ref
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Figure/Plate/Table/Ref:
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Note
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Note:
Date Of Coverage From: 01 Date Of Coverage To: 01 Editorial Expansion: Site name: BRECK, NEAR CHESTERFIELD
Study area:
Investigation type: Evaluation
District: Chesterfield
Monument: [cupola/bloomery furnace]. Undated, BOUNDARY DITCH. Undated, ENCLOSURE. ?RING DITCH Undated, ROAD. Roman (AD43-410)
Ngr: SK42007650
Parish: Staveley
Postcode: S43 2NP
Source
Source
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Source:
The rural settlement of Roman Britain project
Related resources
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Created Date
Created Date
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Created Date:
30 Aug 2017
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