A., (1998). Report on an archaeological evaluation at Holditch Colliery, Lymedale Park, Staffordshire. Gifford and Partners, Consulting Engineers.

Title
Title
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Title:
Report on an archaeological evaluation at Holditch Colliery, Lymedale Park, Staffordshire
Series
Series
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Series:
Gifford and Partners unpublished report series
Pages
Pages
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Number of Pages:
55
Downloads
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Downloads:
GL31013.pdf (15 MB) : Download
DOI
DOI
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DOI
https://doi.org/10.5284/1026949
Publication Type
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Publication Type:
Report (in Series)
Abstract
Abstract
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Abstract:
An evaluation was carried out at the proposed site of an electricity generating facility, which lay close to a Romano-British settlement site where a wide range of archaeological features had been excavated. Previous evaluation of the north part of the proposal site had established that Romano-British and post-medieval features had been preserved at varying depths below the present ground surface. The second, more intensive, evaluation was required in order to assess the full extent and character of the archaeological remains. Three trial trenches were excavated, which revealed that Roman features, structures and deposits were present across most of the site. The observed features could be divided into three phases, the first of which comprised a series of linear gullies, some of which were associated with post-settings and post-holes, suggesting structural origins. The second phase was characterised by the formalisation of surfaces and structures, using sandstone and cobbles to build three walls and a road. The third phase was represented by a layer of demolition debris in which the collapsed remains of a wall and occasional worked stones could be identified. Roman and post-medieval pottery and building materials were recovered. In the northern part of the site, evaluated earlier, the Roman deposits had been well-preserved beneath a thick layer of ploughsoil and topsoil onto which the later car-park surface had been directly placed. The preservation of features in the western parts of trenches 1 and 2 of the 1998 evaluation was poor, but those in the east parts of the trenches had been well-preserved beneath a sealing layer of demolition debris. It was noted that the variety and quantity of artefacts retrieved from the site were limited, suggesting that the settlement had borne a resemblance to a rural ribbon development, and that this part of the proposal site defined almost the south-western extent of the Roman settlement. [AIP]
Author
Author
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Author:
A
Publisher
Publisher
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Publisher:
Gifford and Partners
Gifford and Partners, Consulting Engineers
Year of Publication
Year of Publication
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Year of Publication:
1998
Locations
Locations
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Locations:
Site: Holditch Colliery
County: STAFFORDSHIRE
District: MALVERN HILLS
Parish: POWICK
Country: England
Grid Reference: 383788, 248211 (Easting, Northing)
Locations
Locations
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Subjects / Periods:
Monus: FEATURE ROMAN
Roman
Temporal - Auto Detected: Postmedieval
Identifiers
Identifiers
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Identifiers:
OBIB: Report No. B1505A.02R
Figure/Plate/Table/Ref
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Note
Note
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Note:
Date Of Issue From: 1998 Date Of Coverage From: 01 Date Of Coverage To: 01 Editorial Expansion: Site name: HOLDITCH COLLIERY, LYMEDALE PARK
Study area: 0.38ha
Investigation type: Evaluation
District: Newcastle-under-Lyme
Monument: POST HOLE. Roman (AD43-410), [finds]. Post-medieval (1540-1901), [finds]. Roman (AD43-410), ROAD. Roman (AD43-410), GULLY. Roman (AD43-410), WALL. Roman (AD43-410)
Ngr: SJ83794821
Parish:
Postcode: ST5 9JA
Source
Source
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Source:
The rural settlement of Roman Britain project
Related resources
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Created Date
Created Date
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Created Date:
30 Aug 2017
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