Walker, C., (1995). Glaxo Manufacturing Services, Park Road, Ware. Phase II. An Archaeological Excavation. Hertfordshire Archaeological Trust.

Title
Title
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Title:
Glaxo Manufacturing Services, Park Road, Ware. Phase II. An Archaeological Excavation
Series
Series
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Series:
Hertfordshire Archaeological Trust unpublished report series
Pages
Pages
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Number of Pages:
30
Downloads
Downloads
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Downloads:
GL3025_Ware_GMS_Access_Project.pdf (989 kB) : Download
DOI
DOI
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DOI
https://doi.org/10.5284/1021894 https://doi.org/10.5284/1023955
Publication Type
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Publication Type:
Report (in Series)
Abstract
Abstract
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Abstract:
An excavation was undertaken in advance of the first phase of the construction of a new access route to the factory. Pre-Roman activity tentatively identified comprised two large ditches on a similar alignment to Ermine Street, the fills of which were sealed by the earliest road construction. A number of residual struck flint flakes and a Bronze Age barbed and tanged arrowhead were found in several Roman features, but no positive evidence of prehistoric occupation was discovered. The earliest Roman activity was the construction of Ermine Street, built shortly after the Roman invasion of AD43. Several early finds included a brooch of a style common during pre-conquest Britain. The road was not as substantial as seen in earlier excavations, and no large road-side ditches had been excavated. The road had been widened and re-surfaced by the time of the late 1st-2nd century, the camber increased and narrow drains inserted either side of the road. A small timber structure in the north-east corner of the site was constructed during this phase, located 10 metres from the eastern side of the road. A small pond to the eastern side of the road produced evidence for a variety of industrial and domestic activities carried out in the vicinity of the site during the 1st and 2nd century, and the presence of iron slag suggested that this feature may have been used as a smelting pond. By the 2nd to 3rd century the road had started to fall into disrepair, although the large quantities of finds recovered from a well to the west of the street, and the presence of two rubbish pits suggested increasing intensity of settlement during this period. By the 3rd-4th century the only evidence for structural evidence of occupation on the site was a large 'veranda-style' timber structure, and the demise of the Roman settlement was marked by a large accumulation of material sealing earlier Roman levels and covering Ermine Street. [AIP]
Author
Author
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Author:
C Walker
Publisher
Publisher
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Publisher:
Hertfordshire Archaeological Trust
Year of Publication
Year of Publication
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Year of Publication:
1995
Locations
Locations
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Locations:
Site: Glaxo Manufacturing Services, Park Road
County: HERTFORDSHIRE
District: EAST HERTFORDSHIRE
Parish: WARE
Country: England
Location - Auto Detected: Ermine Street
Grid Reference: 535300, 214500 (Easting, Northing)
Locations
Locations
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Subjects / Periods:
Find: BRACELET ROMAN
Find: HUMAN BONE ROMAN
Find: LITHIC IMPLEMENT MESOLITHIC
Find: POT ROMAN
Find: SHERD IRON AGE
Monus: DRAIN ROMAN
Monus: INHUMATION BURIAL ROMAN
Monus: INHUMATION CEMETERY ROMAN
Monus: PIT ROMAN
Temporal - Auto Detected: 2nd Century
Prehistoric
Temporal - Auto Detected: 2nd To 3rd Century
Roman
Temporal - Auto Detected: Bronze Age
Temporal - Auto Detected: Late 1st2nd Century
Identifiers
Identifiers
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Identifiers:
OBIB: Report No. 129
Figure/Plate/Table/Ref
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Note
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Note:
Date Of Issue From: 1995 Date Of Coverage From: 01 Date Of Coverage To: 01 Editorial Expansion: Site name: GLAXO MANUFACTURING SERVICES, PARK ROAD, WARE
Study area:
Investigation type: Post-determination/Research
District: East Hertfordshire
Monument: PITS.. Roman (AD43-410), WELL.. Roman (AD43-410), smelting pond. Roman (AD43-410), ROAD.. Roman (AD43-410), SETTLEMENT. Roman (AD43-410), [finds]. Late Iron Age
Ngr: TL35301450, TL35401450
Parish: Ware
Postcode: SG120DF, SG120HU
Source
Source
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Source:
The rural settlement of Roman Britain project
Related resources
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Created Date
Created Date
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Created Date:
30 Aug 2017
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