Ellis, C., (2017). Monks, Priests and Farmers: A Community Research Excavation at Baliscate, Isle of Mull. Edinburgh: Society of Antiquaries of Scotland.

Title
Title
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Title:
Monks, Priests and Farmers: A Community Research Excavation at Baliscate, Isle of Mull
Series
Series
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Series:
Scottish Archaeological Internet Reports
Volume
Volume
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Volume:
68
Pages
Pages
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Number of Pages:
111
Downloads
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Downloads:
2056-7421_68_Baliscate.pdf (14 MB) : Download
DOI
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DOI
https://doi.org/10.9750/issn.2056-7421.2017.68
Publication Type
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Publication Type:
Monograph (in Series)
Abstract
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Abstract:
A community research excavation centred on Baliscate on the Isle of Mull took place in autumn 2012. The excavation has revealed the existence of a thriving sixth-century agricultural settlement which was either adopted or replaced by a seventh-century Christian community which appears to have been a monastic establishment. The continued ecclesiastical nature of the settlement into the ninth and tenth centuries is attested by the presence of a later enclosure/vallum and a rectangular structure interpreted as a leacht. In the late 11th or early 12th century, a stone and turf bow-ended structure was built which probably functioned as a longhouse or hall. This structure was later used in the 12th century to house a large corn-drying kiln. Although no 11th- or 12th-century structures were identified adjacent to the leacht, occupation deposits were identified. Then, in the late 13th or early 14th century, a wattle and turf structure was built over these deposits and the remains of a seventh- to eighth-century cemetery. This structure burnt down and was rapidly replaced by a new stone and turf structure enclosed by a rectangular stone and turf enclosure. This is tentatively interpreted as an enclosed chapel, but the evidence is contradictory and it may have simply been an enclosed farmstead. Occupation around the site continued in one form or another until the 16th century and thereafter the site was used intermittently. The excavation has highlighted how little we know about the so-called enclosed chapel sites of Argyll and the absence of evidence for the early Christian church.
Author
Author
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Author:
Clare Ellis
Publisher
Publisher
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Publisher:
Society of Antiquaries of Scotland
Other Person/Org
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Other Person/Org:
Torben Bjarke Ballin (Author contributing)
Angela Boyle (Author contributing)
Gemma Cruickshanks (Author contributing)
George R Haggarty (Author contributing)
Derek W Hall (Author contributing)
Derek Hamilton (Author contributing)
Richard Scott Jones (Author contributing)
Anthony Krus (Author contributing)
Kenneth Murdock (Author contributing)
Susan Ramsay (Author contributing)
Year of Publication
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Year of Publication:
2017
Locations
Locations
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Locations:
Site: Baliscate
Place: Baliscate Chapel
Place: Coille Creag A Chait
Place: Tobermory
District: Isle of Mull
County: Argyll and Bute
County: Scotland
Grid Reference: 149677, 754068 (Easting, Northing)
Locations
Locations
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Subjects / Periods:
Monus: chapel Early Medieval
Monus: leacht Early Medieval
Monus: corn drying kiln Medieval
Monus: vallum Medieval
Late Iron Age
Late Medieval
Early Modern
Figure/Plate/Table/Ref
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Figure:    Plate:    Table:    Ref:
Source
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Source:
ADS Archive
Related resources
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Relations:
URL: http://www.socantscot.org/publications/psas/
Created Date
Created Date
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Created Date:
02 Nov 2017
 Location