Dalland, M., (2017). Discovering the King's Wall: Excavations at 144-166 Cowgate, Edinburgh. Edinburgh: Society of Antiquaries of Scotland.

Title
Title
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Title:
Discovering the King's Wall: Excavations at 144-166 Cowgate, Edinburgh
Series
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Series:
Scottish Archaeological Internet Reports
Volume
Volume
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Volume:
69
Pages
Pages
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Number of Pages:
83
Downloads
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Downloads:
2056-7421_69_Kings_Wall.pdf (16 MB) : Download
DOI
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DOI
https://doi.org/10.9750/issn.2056-7421.2017.69
Publication Type
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Publication Type:
Monograph (in Series)
Abstract
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Abstract:
This report details the discovery of a late medieval building and the remains of extensive walls running along the north side of Cowgate, excavated in advance of a housing development. The wall remains were dated to the late 14th century and are believed to have been part of Edinburgh’s early town defences. Edinburgh’s medieval town wall is referred to as the ‘King’s wall’ and is linked to a James II charter of 1450. However, there are references to the King’s wall in property documents as early as 1427, indicating that a town wall had been built prior to the charter of 1450. The remains uncovered at Cowgate are likely to be part of this early town wall. Previously the line of the King’s wall was thought to have been located approximately halfway up the slope between Cowgate and the High Street. In view of the new discoveries a revised line is proposed that runs further south along the north side of Cowgate. The clay-bonded stone building was constructed up against the north side of the wall, probably in the late 15th century. It may have been an animal shed, possibly a stable that was the only medieval stone building erected in this area along Cowgate, leaving most of the site as open wasteland as described in late medieval documents. It was replaced by more substantial mortared buildings at the beginning of the 17th century.
Author
Author
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Author:
Magnar Dalland
Publisher
Publisher
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Publisher:
Society of Antiquaries of Scotland
Other Person/Org
Other Person/Org
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Other Person/Org:
Stephen P Carter (Author contributing)
Morag Cross (Author contributing)
Dianne Dixon (Author contributing)
Nicholas M McQ Holmes (Author contributing)
Stephen Lancaster (Author contributing)
Catherine Smith (Author contributing)
Scott Timpany (Author contributing)
Year of Publication
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Year of Publication:
2017
Locations
Locations
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Locations:
Site: King's Wall
Place: Cowgate
District: Edinburgh
Country: Scotland
Grid Reference: 325851, 673489 (Easting, Northing)
Locations
Locations
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Subjects / Periods:
Monus: wall Medieval
Monus: burgage plot Late Medieval
Monus: town defences
Find: pottery
Find: coin
Find: dress and personal accessories
Find: dress fastener
Find: nail
Find: spindle whorl
Figure/Plate/Table/Ref
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Figure:    Plate:    Table:    Ref:
Source
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Source:
ADS Archive
Related resources
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Relations:
URL: http://www.socantscot.org/publications/psas/
Created Date
Created Date
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Created Date:
02 Nov 2017
 Location