Allot, L., Batchelor, C. R., Brown, A., Cameron, N. Manson., Elias, S., Green, C. and Young, D. S., (2011). LAND AT SITE A1 TO SITE A4, CANADA WATER, SURREY QUAYS ROAD, ROTHERHITHE, LONDON SE16 (SITE CODE: CQH10): ENVIRONMENTAL ARCHAEOLOGICAL ANALYSIS. University of Reading: Quaternary Scientific (Quest).

Title
Title
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Title:
LAND AT SITE A1 TO SITE A4, CANADA WATER, SURREY QUAYS ROAD, ROTHERHITHE, LONDON SE16 (SITE CODE: CQH10): ENVIRONMENTAL ARCHAEOLOGICAL ANALYSIS
Series
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Series:
Quaternary Scientific (Quest) unpublished report series
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Downloads:
quaterna1-75779_3.pdf (3 MB) : Download
DOI
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DOI
https://doi.org/10.5284/1029898
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Publication Type:
Report (in Series)
Abstract
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Abstract:
CgMs Consulting Ltd commissioned Quaternary Scientific (QUEST) to carry out an environmental archaeological analysis of samples collected during a previous geoarchaeological borehole survey of land at Site A2 to Site A4, Canada Water, Surrey Quays Road, Rotherhithe, London. The combined results of the borehole survey and environmental archaeological analyses have demonstrated that the sub-surface sediments at the site comprise basal Shepperton Gravel overlain by a sequence of Holocene alluvial sediments (including Peat), truncated by Made Ground. The alluvial sequence appears to be slightly thicker in the northern half of the site and slopes towards the main channel of the River Thames. Multiple radiocarbon determinations indicate the formation of differently aged Peat units across the site. The majority of this Peat dates to the Late Bronze Age and Early Iron Age cultural periods. However, the occurrence of a second Peat unit dating to the Roman, Saxon and Danish cultural periods in the Q.<BH11> sequence, suggests that a small tributary channel cut through the site in this area; an interpretation enhanced by the presence of a network of small channels/creeks in John Rocque's map of 1747. The local environment was under the influence of tidal conditions during the cultural periods represented. During the Late Bronze Age and Early Iron Age, the wetland vegetation underwent a transition from alder dominated woodland to open waterlogged conditions, prior to inundation. Stands of lime and oak dominated woodland occupied the dryland surface, which was relatively open with a diverse range of herbaceous plants indicative of clearance and agriculture (pastoral and/or cultivation). These wetland and dryland vegetation communities were still prevalent during the Roman, Saxon and Danish cultural periods.
Author
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Author:
Lucy Allot
C R Batchelor
A Brown
Neil Manson Cameron
Scott Elias
C Green
D S Young
Publisher
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Publisher:
Quaternary Scientific (Quest)
Other Person/Org
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Other Person/Org:
Historic England (OASIS Reviewer)
Southwark Council (OASIS Reviewer)
Year of Publication
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Year of Publication:
2011
Locations
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Locations:
Site: Sites A2 to A4, Canada Water
County: GREATER LONDON
District: SOUTHWARK
Parish: BERMONDSEY ROTHERHITHE AND SOUTHWARK
Country: England
Grid Reference: 535500, 179600 (Easting, Northing)
Locations
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Subjects / Periods:
Find: DIATOMS Late Bronze Age
Find: DIATOMS Roman
Find: PLANT MACROFOSSILS Late Bronze Age
Find: PLANT MACROFOSSILS Roman
Find: POLLEN Late Bronze Age
Find: POLLEN Roman
Monus: DOCK Post Medieval
Monus: PEAT Early Medieval
Monus: PEAT Late Bronze Age
Monus: PEAT Roman
Identifiers
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Identifiers:
OASIS Id: quaterna1-75779
OBIB: Quaternary Scientific (QUEST) Unpublished Report June 2011; Project Number 007/10
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OASIS
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Created Date
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Created Date:
01 Feb 2018
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