Watson, N. and Ashby, D., (2014). ST.ANNE'S WELL, NIGHTINGALE VALLEY, BRISTOL: GEOARCHAEOLOGICAL SURVEY. ARCA.

Title
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Title:
ST.ANNE'S WELL, NIGHTINGALE VALLEY, BRISTOL: GEOARCHAEOLOGICAL SURVEY
Series
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Series:
ARCA unpublished report series
Downloads
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Downloads:
arca1-210610_1.pdf (1 MB) : Download
DOI
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DOI
https://doi.org/10.5284/1031384
Publication Type
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Publication Type:
Report (in Series)
Abstract
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Abstract:
In November and December 2013, one mechanical and four manual geoarchaeological boreholes were drilled by ARCA and The Brislington Community Archaeology Project (BCAP) on the site of St Anne's Well, Brislington, in the city of Bristol, in order to establish the nature of the Holocene stratigraphy. St Anne's Well is located on the narrow flood plain of the Brislington Brook, a tributary of the River Avon. Strata in the borehole cores were described by ARCA geoarchaeologists and members of BCAP. This document reports on the stratigraphy of the boreholes and discusses the archaeological and palaeoenvironmental significance of the sediments encountered. Coarse grained alluvial sands and sandstone gravel was recovered below +6.6m OD in BH1 and below +7.5m OD in BHs 2 and 4. These deposits were derived from reworked colluvium eroded from the Magnotsfield Member which forms the sides of the gorge, through which the Brislington Brook has cut its course to the join the River Avon. Overlying silt/clay and fine sand laminae date to the Early Bronze Age (c.2350-2570 cal BC) and is the first indirect evidence of human activity in the watershed found on the site. After this date approximately 3m of silt/clays accreted on the floodplain. Topsoil has developed conformably within the alluvium in BHs 1, 2 and 5. In BHs 3 and 4 cultural deposits relating to Victorian landscaping were recorded. No in situ organic strata were encountered nor is the alluvial sequence part of the contemporaneous Wentlooge Formation of the central Bristol area.
Author
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Author:
Norman Watson
David Ashby
Publisher
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Publisher:
ARCA
Other Person/Org
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Other Person/Org:
Historic England (OASIS Reviewer)
Bristol City Council (OASIS Reviewer)
Year of Publication
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Year of Publication:
2014
Locations
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Locations:
Site: St Anne's Well. Nightingale Valley
County: CITY OF BRISTOL
District: CITY OF BRISTOL
Parish: BRISTOL
Country: England
Grid Reference: 362172, 172514 (Easting, Northing)
Locations
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Subjects / Periods:
Find: ALLUVIUM Bronze Age
Find: PEAT Early Bronze Age
Monus: LAYER Early Bronze Age
Monus: WELL Medieval
Identifiers
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OASIS Id: arca1-210610
OBIB: 1314-09
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Bound A4 report and pdf
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OASIS
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Created Date
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Created Date:
01 Feb 2018
 Location