Issue: Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland 76

Publication Type:
Title: Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland 76
Year of Publication: 1941
Volume: 76
Number of Pages: 144
Note: Date Of Issue From: 1941 Date Of Issue To: 01
DOI: 10.5284/1000184
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Abstract
1 - 4
G P H Watson
A Garham
Angus Graham
5 - 7
It is now generally recognised that mural painting was a form of art extensively practised in medieval Britain. Broadly speaking, its use in churches, both as a medium for instruction and as a decoration, went out with the Reformation; but it continued to be employed in secular buildings until superseded by other types of wall-covering such as tapestry, panelling, and finally wall-paper. There are very few surviving examples in Scotland. The mural at Traquair House is in a room which can be assigned to the second half of the sixteenth century, and its superstructure was remodelled in the seventeenth century. The surviving elements of the mural are described in detail. The oak door in the same room as the mural was carved by the person who created the Amisfield Door which dates from 1600 and bears a representation of Samson in contemporary costume slaying the lion.
James Ritchie
Grace M Crowfoot
8 - 78
A detailed report on the excavation of the crannog with numerous illustrations. Preservation of timbers and wooden objects is exceptional. Other notable artefacts include leather shoes and a scrap of woollen fibre. There is evidence of activity in the sixteenth or seventeenth century.
R S G Anderson
Alexander Low
79 - 83
The urn was discovered during ploughing. There was no trace of a cist or a cairn. The grave-goods consisted of a battle-axe, a bronze knife or razor, an ornamented bone bead, and three shaped stones. Two or three worked flints were discovered at the first excavation of the site, but there is no certainty that they had actually been in the urn.
V G Childe
David Waterston
84 - 93
A report on further discoveries from the urnfield at Brackmont Mill comprises a catalogue of the urns and the cremated human remains. A total of eighteen burials have been revealed. Two of the urns contained incense cups and a third contained an ivory buckle.
W D Simpson
93 - 102
Terpersie Castle appears to be the earliest dated example of the characteristic Scottish "three-stepped" or Z-type of castle, which is specially common in the regions north of the Mounth. The ruins are described and illustrated. The ruins of Towie Castle are also briefly considered.
A D Lacaille
103 - 119
A review of current knowledge of Scottish micro-burins considers distribution, typology, technology, notched flakes, function and materials used. In addition, aspects of the English gun-flint industry as related to micro-burin technique are presented.
Anne S Robertson
J A Smythe
119 - 127
The oven was fully exposed and recorded in 1941. Analysis of the clay indicated that it had not been subjected to a very high temperature, comparable, for example, with that required for smelting iron or firing bricks. The oven could only have been used for baking. A piece of slag-like material found in a layer of burned clay inside the oven was identified as furnace-clinker formed by the burning of coal indicative of a fairly high temperature though not so high as in a smelting furnace. This does not prove that coal was used at Mumrills; all the evidence points to the use of wood as fuel. In its general plan and in the way in which it was worked, the Mumrills\r\noven resembled the circular baking-ovens commonly used in Roman forts.
John T Ewen
129
The first cist contained a skeleton and some fragments of an urn, the latter now lost. The second cist also contained a skeleton and a beaker vessel but was unusual in having a floor laid with selected pebbles.
David Waterston
129 - 130
The first cist contained the skeleton of a man aged upwards of forty years. He had osteoarthritis and had suffered a deep wound on the left side of the forehead some time before death, which had involved the bone and left a suppurating sore. Death had been caused by a deep wound on the front of the left thigh, inflicted by a sharp, heavy weapon which had cut deeply into the femur and had soon proved fatal. The second cist also contained a male skeleton aged upwards of forty five years with a lot of dental disease.
Warrick L Scott
James PHEMISTER
130 - 131
The discovery at the Neolithic occupation site of Bilean an Tighe, North Uist, of kilns in which pottery had been manufactured on a considerable scale and over a substantial period of time was reported in an earlier article. The similarity of the latest products of these kilns to pottery of the Unstan bowl type from Orkney, and particularly to a bowl from Rousay, suggested the possibility that the factory might have worked to some degree for export, and this possibility was tested by petrological examination of sherds from North Uist and Orkney sites. The evidence for local manufacture was in each case conclusive. The possibility of a Neolithic trade in pottery is naturally not excluded by the negative evidence of fourteen sherds, but it is rendered less likely.
James PHEMISTER
132 - 133
James PHEMISTER
133
133 - 137
138 - 144