Issue: Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland 78

Publication Type:
Title: Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland 78
Year of Publication: 1943
Volume: 78
Number of Pages: 160
Note: Date Of Issue From: 1943 Date Of Issue To: 01
DOI: 10.5284/1000184
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Abstract
1 - 4
A D Lacaille
5 - 16
It has recently been noted that small stone microliths occur further north than previously thought. The artefacts are described in detail and illustrated. The types from Tentsmuir are new with an absence of true geometric shapes, a preponderance of obliquely trimmed blades and a lack of diminutive microliths. The general distribution of microliths in Scotland is considered.
W J Gibson
16 - 25
A total of thirty nine examples of this type have been identified. They are always very finely crafted and have at least a dozen specific characters, in dimensions, shape, and relation of parts. The geographic range of the type in Britain north and south is wide, but is very restricted east and west. Their function is thought to be ceremonial.
V G Childe
26 - 38
A previously unrecognised group of chambered cairns have recently been identified in a 'blank' belt from the Dornoch Firth to the Cromarty Firth. The list comprises a regular chain of fourteen long or chambered cairns beginning just west of Edderton and extending along the foothills of Easter Ross overlooking the Cromarty Firth almost to the mouth of the Conon, together with eight comparable monuments east of that firth on the Black Isle. Only three of the monuments have previously been described. The relationship of these monuments to the Clava and Pentland types is considered and each of them is described in detail.
Andrew McKERRAL
39 - 80
There are a wide range of denominations (values attributed to portions of land) in Highland charters and rentals. The subject is important for our understanding of past agrarian conditions in Scotland and a good deal of political history. The article provides a short summary of the subject and relevant publications as well as considering some of the details which still present difficulties. Celtic, Saxon, Norse, and Feudal or Scottish land denominations are all considered.
F A Greenhill
James S Richardson
80 - 91
Incised slabs form the largest class of sepulchral monuments of the Middle Ages now remaining in Scotland. They fall into two main groups, the West Highland slabs, in which Celtic influence strongly predominates, and the Lowland slabs, which follow the general style of contemporary monuments in Western Europe. The former are generally of mica-schist, the latter of sandstone. Four previously unreported late medieval examples are considered.
Peter Moar
John Stewart
91 - 99
Three stones were discovered during grave digging in the churchyard of Papil. The stones comprise a cross-slab, an interlaced cross and a socketed cross-stone. These are described and illustrated and a list of all known sculptured stones from Shetland is provided. One of the stones which has a long-shafted Latin cross, with flared arms and almost square base, is unique in Scotland although parallels can be found in Ireland. The other two stones also have much in common with Irish examples. it is argued that a community of Irish monks had established itself in Shetland at least a thousand years ago, and that this community could have few links with the mainland of Scotland.
W D Simpson
James S Richardson
Francis G Grant
100 - 105
A brief account of the history of the castle and results of excavation are presented. Only the ruin of a small castellated mansion, dating from the later sixteenth century was visible. Excavation revealed the base of a massive tower-house thought to date to the fifteenth century. A brief note on the Cheyne family who owned the tower-house and a pottery sherd which came from Germany are included.
V G Childe
Arthur J H Edwards
Alexander Low
M Macdougall
E V Laing
106 - 119
A short cist at Lochend contained a crouched adult male skeleton with a Beaker vessel, a flint nodule and charcoal. A short cist at Kirkaldy contained a Beaker urn, a tanged blade of bronze with a hazel-wood haft, and a smaller bronze object like a pin, a flint flake, twelve conical buttons, and an elongated bead of "jet" and a very decayed skeleton. A second cist contained portions of a leather covering with a bone-hafted knife-dagger in its sheath; small fragments of woven fabric were adhering to the leather. A cist at West Fenton contained an adolescent skeleton and a beaker vessel. A cist at Nunraw contained a skeleton and a Beaker vessel.
Robert B K Stevenson
M I PLATT
120 - 125
In the course of the clearance of the Museum's cellars in 1939 a box was discovered containing relics from the excavation of a cave near Kildalton House, Islay. The relics comprised pounders, pot lids, flints, animal bone, charcoal and almost three hundred pottery sherds.
C T McInnes
126 - 128
A document, which was not accessible to Brook in 1892, when his article was written, reveals certain new evidence on the subject. It is suggested that the mace now in use\r\nas the President's mace in the Court of Session was the Treasurer's mace and that the more appropriate Chancellor's mace is now lost.
Anne S Robertson
D M M Blair
128 - 130
A short cist of early Bronze Age type contained cremated human remains. It had been badly damaged on discovery. There were no traces of a mound or a cairn. The bones comprised parts of an adult and some animal bones.
R D Lockhart
130 - 131
Two short cists were discovered during road building. The smaller cist contained an urn while the second larger cist was empty.
G Webster
Alexander Low
131 - 135
The discovery of a few pottery sherds happened during machining and it was clear that a group of at least seven cinerary urns had been destroyed. An eighth urn was discovered along with deposits of cremated bone. There were also traces of a probable cairn and another inverted urn. Parts of at least four urns were recovered and a minimum of three individuals were represented among the cremated bone.
R S G Anderson
136 - 137
A Food Vessel was found in a short cist within a small cairn. There were no human remains.
V G Childe
138
A long cist contained an extended skeleton together with an arrowhead and a slug knife of flint, both calcined, and fragments of bronze which joined together to form part of a blade. This grooved blade is unlike any other surviving relic from a burial deposit\r\nin Scotland.
139 - 144
Ian A Richmond
V G Childe
145 - 151
Short accounts of the lives and achievements of James Curle and Arthur J H Edwards. Curle's account of the brochs at Bow and Torwoodlee, which he contributed to the Society's Proceedings, still holds its place as the basic description of two of the most remarkable early monuments of the Lowlands while his work at Newsteads Fort laid the foundations for a typology of Roman objects found in Scotland. Arthur Edwards was director of the museum from 1938-44. As a result of his studies he was able to initiate a new era in the conservation of the relics of Scotland's past, and the splendid iron work from Newstead, Traprain Law, and Viking graves constitutes enduring monuments to his skill.
152
153 - 160