Issue: Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland 98

Publication Type:
Title: Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland 98
Year of Publication: 1964
Volume: 98
Number of Pages: 0
Note: Date Of Issue From: 1967
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Abstract
John X W P Corcoran
1 - 75
ND 07056192, 06816189, 06766187. Three chambered cairns were excavated in advance of reservoir construction. Tulach an t-Sionnaich proved to be a passage grave set in a heel-shaped cairn of Shetland type, to which a chamberless long cairn had been added. Burnt and unburnt human bone, with evidence for storage before burial, were found together with animal bones (including dog) and featureless Neolithic pottery. Tulloch of Assery A was a short-horned cairn with a passage, antechamber and chamber at each end. Undisturbed burial deposits of nine to eleven persons were in the N chamber, but the S chamber had suffered modern disturbance. A discussion on the problem of extra-revetment material includes the results of experiments on site. Tulloch of Assery B was a large circular cairn over a Camster type chamber. Stability had been ensured by carefully reinforced construction. Artefacts under the chamber paving included pottery representing the northernmost extension of the "W Neolithic" class. The burial deposit was unburnt bone. The chambers of all three cairns had been blocked after use. Discussion sets them in their Caithness context, but origins remain obscure. The economy suggested by the food remains is sketched.
Iain C Walker
76 - 125
M E C Stewart
126 - 149
GR NN 882505. A setting of four stones on the rim of an artificially flattened gravel knoll was partially excavated, producing several cremations. A central pit lay under heaped-up stones and earth. Associated finds included Beaker and cordoned urn sherds and a ?bowdrill stone. An appendix lists and maps 26 pairs of standing stones in Perthshire. There are specialist reports on the cremated skeletal material and charcoal.
Ronald W B Morris
Douglas C Bailey
150 - 172
Over 150 sites in the counties of Ayr, Arran & Bute, Dumfries, Dunbarton, Lanark, Kirkcudbright, Renfrew and Wigtown have been recorded and tabulated. Information for each includes type and number, maximum diameter and depth of carvings, angle of stone to horizontal, and so on. Only immovable stones are included in the survey, museum material being separately catalogued. Most sites are near the coast, most face south and have extensive views, but only four are on hilltops. No associated material is known.
I H Longworth
173 - 183
Don R Brothwell
Rosemary Powers
184 - 198
Euan W MacKie
199 - 203
Audrey S Henshall
204 - 214
C A Gordon
215 - 224
Alan Small
225 - 248
A site near the Broch of Underhoull had three periods of occupation, the earliest indicated by a very fragmentary hut floor and associated narrow souterrain; on a similar horizon were pottery fragments comparable with some from Jarlshof (EIA phase). The second occupation, indicated by a hut floor with two hearths, had industrial purposes, including iron working and manufacture of stone vessels. Amber and cannel coal were among the prolific small finds: a clear stratigraphical break divided this horizon from the Viking occupation, when a level platform was constructed for an almost boat-shaped longhouse paralleled at Jarlshof (Norse 1). Mixed farming was carried on and pebble line-sinkers suggest fishing. Soapstone vessels did duty for pottery, as at Jarlshof. This occupation seems to have begun in 9th cent and flourished in 10th. A few of the finds from all periods are figured.
John Wilson
249 - 253
B H I H Stewart
254 - 275
Ian L Donnachie
Norma K K STEWART
276 - 299
An outline of the history, development and distribution of Scottish windmills introduces an interim inventory of known survivals and a select list of documented sites. Of the 100 or so mills built between 15th and 19th cents, about forty remain but are in various states of disrepair; the only comparable restored example is in Co Down. The peak of building activity, in late 18th and early 19th cents, was due to a boom in cereal production combined with highly developed technology brought from England and Netherlands. Development, though broadly similar to that in England, began rather later, and by mid-19th cent windpower had given way to steam. Five main classes of mills are distinguished and their construction, layout and machinery described. They are mainly found on E coast, where conditions are similar to those in England and Netherlands, but occur also in exposed western districts. Mills were used for lead-ore crushing and water-pumping as well as for grinding grain.
A Isobel R Drummond
300 - 311
Audrey S Henshall
312
Iain C Walker
312 - 315
S W Feather
315 - 317
Audrey S Henshall
317 - 318
Audrey S Henshall
318
Audrey S Henshall
318 - 320
Kenneth A Steer
320 - 321
W Norman Robertson
321 - 323
Herbert Coutts
323 - 325
Stuart Maxwell
325
326 - 357
359 - 370