Issue: Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland 99

Publication Type:
Title: Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland 99
Year of Publication: 1966
Volume: 99
Number of Pages: 0
Note: Date Of Issue From: 1968
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Abstract
John M Coles
1 - 20
R W Kenneth Reid
G David
A Aitken
21 - 53
A study in depth of a small, well-defined area in which monuments of Neolithic to EIA date are correlated with their physical background and a quantitative analysis is provided. The contrasting geological regions of Durness make it particularly suitable for such a pilot study. Detailed survey produced maps of solid and drift geology on which the field monuments, many hitherto unrecorded, were plotted. Early settlement concentrated markedly on the light soils of the limestone areas and avoided the inhospitable gneiss and quartzite almost entirely. The sandy soils were not used until EIA and then probably kept for grazing. There are two possible Neo and twelve BA cairns, and some ?field clearance heaps. EIA monuments include a promontory fort, souterrain, two duns and a round house. Numerous hut circles are discussed in detail. Appendices list the eighty-two ancient monuments of Durness and the round houses and "wags" of a much wider area (Outer Hebrides, Northern Isles and Caithness); correlation tables compare archaeological sites with physical features.
D D A Simpson
54 - 59
I H Longworth
R D M D M Candow
R Cerar
D Henderson
60 - 92
Three collections are described. 1) The Brackmont sandpit finds of 1954-8 comprise cordoned and collared urns with cremations and a corded beaker covered by a plain bowl without cremation. In an adjoining field a surface scatter of beaker and cordoned sherds suggested a plough-destroyed domestic site and further burials. 2) The Brackmont pit, 4ft across by 3ft deep, contained Late Neolithic sherds, stones, flint and burnt material. The high proportion of rim-sherds suggests deliberate selection. Biconical and cordoned vessels, conical bowls with bevelled rims and open bowls are represented; the collection is related to, but distinct from, the Glenluce and Hedderwick sand-dune series. The Beaker-derived traditions and the varied forms foreshadow the ceramic range of the full Bronze Age. 3) The collection from Tentsmuir sand-dunes indicates intermittent settlement in NE Fifeshire from the Late Neolithic through much of the Bronze Age. Grooved ware (Rinyo 1), Beaker, Food Vessel, collared, cordoned, biconical and coarse wares are all represented.
Alastair MacLaren
93 - 103
NR 085234; 098396. At Weird Law a low bank surrounded a circular level space (34ft diameter) with a central low turf-covered mound (14ft diameter). Excavation revealed the sequence: ring of stones enclosing two central pits, which were then refilled and a cremation pyre was built and fired; four pits, dug through the ashes to receive the bones of two bodies, were then refilled and sealed with stones. Previously thought to be hut circles, such sites are largely confined to the Highland Zone but can be compared with, eg, henges. A 14C date of 1490 + 90 BC agrees well enough with that from the comparable site at Whitestanes Moor. Broughton Knowe, a low turf-covered mound, had been plundered; a small quantity of cremated bone and charcoal, flint scrapers and sherds indicated the original burial, laid on the old ground surface. The surrounding ditch, refilled soon after being dug, contained packing stones disposed as if to support a tent-like covering for the central area. An EIA date is not excluded but the Bronze Age seems more likely.
J N Graham Ritchie
104 - 110
Lloyd R Laing
111 - 147
NT 774002. Rescue excavations failed to determine the nature and position of Edward I's peel, but produced a good sequence of stratified 13th-17th cent pottery. Previous finds indicate some 2nd cent Roman occupation of the site. The earliest medieval occupation consisted of a 12th cent stone church and a royal manor house, which was repaired or rebuilt and defended by Edward I for his 1301-2 campaigns; a surviving indenture shows that an encircling ditch and peel was to incorporate the church as part of the defences, with a second (lesser) ditch and peel round the promontory. Timber was to be used for the most part, but the accounts suggest some stonework in the main defences. After 1314 the peel probably fell into decay and was subject to robbing. On the same lines in 1650-51 Cromwell built a stone wall, dismantled in 1663. Appended is an interim report on current problems of Scottish medieval pottery, discussing the Northern cooking pot and mapping "Leuchars" ware (12th-late 13th cents).
H Gordon Slade
148 - 166
P H R Mackay
167 - 172
A L F Rivet
173 - 190
Angus Graham
173 - 190
Francis C Eeles
Ronald W M Clouston
191 - 210
John Di Folco
211 - 254
Iain C Walker
Audrey S Henshall
255 - 256
J N Graham Ritchie
256 - 258
Michael L Ryder
258 - 259
James K Thomson
259 - 263
John G Dunbar
263 - 264
John G Dunbar
264
265 - 279
280 - 290