Issue: Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland 116

Publication Type:
Title: Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland 116
Year of Publication: 1986
Volume: 116
Number of Pages: 0
Note: Date Of Issue From: 1986
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Abstract
Caroline R Wickham-Jones
1 - 10
Good quality flint is scarce in Scotland ('flint pits' in the Buchan gravels of Aberdeenshire are a rare example of systematic extraction). Alternative materials include chert, quartz, Rhum bloodstone and Arran pitchstone. The latter two were transported in their surrounding areas, as was the banded mudstone of NW Skye. The pitchstone has been found in meso, Neo, and BA contexts up to 300km from source. F B
J L Davidson
11 - 16
Concerned about destruction of monuments, the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland requested, in 1855, that sites be included in the first OS maps. From the mid 18th century, names of features had been recorded. The Scottish Object Name Books have survived. F B
Ian Ralston
17 - 40
Experimental firing of a full-scale model of a timber-laced wall produced localized vitrification, but could not establish whether vitrification of sites was deliberate, or whether it was a constructive or destructive process. F B
John Mercer
Susan Searight
41 - 55
A second excavation on the W coast of N Jura confirmed a Jura Phase 3 (final Mesolithic) occupation overlying a Phase 2 site. Carbon dating of a typologically similar Phase 3 site on the E coast suggested a late 4th millennium occupation. Au (abr)
Patrick J Ashmore
57 - 62
Alison G Reid
Ian A G Shepherd
Dorothy A Lunt
63 - 67
Trevor G Cowie
Alison G Reid
69 - 88
Several bronze axes; a flanged chisel or hammer; a leaf-shaped sword; an important BA hoard from Clockmaden Farm, Collace (early Ewart Park phase, 9th-8th century BC); all in Perth Museum. F B
Rosemary Cowie
88
Trevor G Cowie
89 - 91
John R Sherriff
93 - 99
Ian Ralston
Joanna Close-Brooks
101 - 115
A coastal bivallate fort, probably in domestic use in the early centuries AD, was excavated by D A Gardner in 1968-74. A reused cup-and-ring marked stone was built into the structure. F B
Joanna Close-Brooks
117 - 184
Neo and IA pottery was found but the multiple ramparts were all of Dark Age date. Ramparts 1 and 3 were timber-laced and had been burnt; radiocarbon dates suggest construction in the 6th/7th century AD. Rampart 2, on a different line, incorporated mortared Roman stones. Finds include a metal disc in hanging-bowl style and a group of clay moulds for penannular brooches of 8th century type. Au (abr)
Joanna Close-Brooks
184
David J Breeze
185 - 189
Recent work suggests that the industry was more extensive than had been believed. Two programmes are to examine possible local products through mineral analysis and through thin-section petrology and neutron activation analysis. Au
John C Mann
191 - 193
Helen C Adamson
Dennis B Gallagher
195 - 204
A small excavation revealed a single ditch with associated rampart and intervallum features. Old finds suggest Flavian and Antonine occupation. F B
N Alexandra
W E Boyd
David J Breeze
Alexandra N Shepherd
205 - 209
Alexandra N Shepherd
209
Lloyd R Laing
Jennifer R Laing
211 - 221
It is suggested that 'Donside terrets' were still current as late as the 4th century AD and that stylistic links between Scottish and Irish metalwork may indicate alliance between Picts and Scots in the late Roman period. Au (adp)
Gordon Murray
223 - 253
The earliest, most classical carvings of the crescent and V-rod, the double disc with Z-rod, and the Pictish beast are found in three distinct, fairly localized areas and can be ascribed to slightly different dates. The sequence of decline into simplified forms offers a method of determining the relative ages of individual examples. F B
Leslie Alcock
Elizabeth A Alcock
Sally M Foster
255 - 279
The headland known as St Abb's Nunnery was shown to bear a late med secular hall and enclosing wall, identifiable as Rampart Hall. The preferred site for the 7th century Anglian monastery is Kirk Hall, where a massive turf bank may be identified as the monastic vallum. This had been preceded by two timber palisades, one of them 14C-dated to 7th-8th centuries AD. Au(adp)
Leslie Alcock
279
James A Graham-Campbell
281 - 284
Close parallels in 8th/9th century contexts in the Isle of Man, Ireland, and Norway are adduced. Au
Coleen E Batey
Claudine Freeman
285 - 300
The results of fieldwalking on the mound, where substantial structural stones had been disturbed by ploughing, suggested an industrial site, perhaps associated with the Norse site of the Earl's Bu. Furnace linings, crucibles, ingot mould, etc are reported. F B/Ed
Coleen E Batey
300
Christopher Norman
Emery Norman
Christopher D Morris
Norman Emery
301 - 374
The unicameral chapel had an early timber phase, possibly stone clad, with a timber altar and two infant burials. The later stone chapel with stone altar and enclosure wall had four burials, three of them minors. The only dating evidence was a 10th century AS silver penny between the timber and stone phases. The surrounding rectangular and circular buildings have not been excavated. No final interpretation can be made, but it is likely to be a non-monastic chapel of Norse origin which remained a place of pilgrimage until the 19th century. F B (See also 88/1880, 1934.)
Ronald W B Morris
372
Ronald W B Morris
373
Ronald W B Morris
374
Perette E Michelli
375 - 392
The four fragments are the only known Early Christian (11th-12th century) Scottish crosiers. They are so closely related to those of pre-Norman N Ireland, but with a lag of 50 to 100 years, as to suggest that Irish craftsmen settled in Scotland and continued to work in the style current when they migrated. Lost examples are listed. F B
Eric C Fernie
393 - 411
Early ecclesiastical monuments at Abernethy, Brechin, Egilsay, Restenneth, Edinburgh Castle, and St Andrews, usually dated between 8th and 12th century, are reassigned to the period c 1090-c 1130. Au (abr)
Graeme Whittington
J Jarvis
413 - 428
Investigations reveal the loch's origins as lying in human exploitation of peat deposits combined with extreme natural events which culminated during 1st millennium AD. Au (abr)
Ruth A Guilding
429 - 445
John S S Smith
J S Right Rev, Bishop of Peterborough
447 - 453
Survey revealed about seventy settlement clusters. From 330 to 500m above sea level are deserted farmsteads, many associated with field systems and corn kilns; above 500m, shealings and enclosures associated with the summering of stock. An attempt is made to relate their chronology to population distribution and the development of the deer forests. Au (abr)
John S S Smith
453
Gordon H Slade
455 - 472
Charles J Burnett
473 - 559
Steven J Dockrill
561 - 565
Colin R W Wallace
566 - 567
Scottish provenance cannot be proved for these lunulae of Taylor's Classical group, so the three found in Cornwall are still the only certain Irish exports. F B
John R Sherriff
567 - 572
J Walter Elliot
572 - 573
Gillian Harden
573 - 577
John H Lewis
577 - 581
Conservation work involved excavation of part of the NE range (possible oven) and of the SE tower (unproductive).
A V B Norman
581 - 582
583 - 592
593 - 600
601 - 607